The World as Will and Representation, Volume 2 by Arthur Schopenhauer

By Arthur Schopenhauer

Quantity 2 of the definitive English translation of 1 of an important philosophical works of the nineteenth century, the fundamental assertion in a single very important circulation of post-Kantian inspiration. Corrects approximately 1,000 mistakes and omissions within the older Haldane-Kemp translation. For the 1st time, this version interprets and locates all charges and gives complete index.

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These images no longer represent a particular fluid at a certain place and time; they are products of calculations hovering in the hybrid space between theory and experiment, science and engineering. In some of them, making and seeing are indistinguishable: the same manipu­ lation of an atomic force microscope, for example, rolls a nanotube and projects its image. Representation of nature here gives way to presentation: of built objects, of marketable products, even of works of art. Out of the fusion of science and engineering is emerging a new ethos, one that is disturbing professional identities left and right.

The one side doubts the possibility of objectiv­ ity; the other, its desirability. Both sides will protest in chorus: How can an account of the epistemological and moral aspects of objectiv­ ity decline to grapple with these questions? Our answer is that before it can be decided whether objectivity exists, and whether it is a good or bad thing, we must first know what objectivity is —how it functions in the practices of science. Most accounts of objectivity —philosophical, sociological, political — address it as a concept.

To see like a naturalist required more than just sharp senses: a capacious memory, the ability to analyze and synthesize impressions, as well as the patience and talent to extract the typical from the storehouse of natural particulars, were all key qualifications. ”5 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, reflecting in 1798 on his research in morphology and optics, de­ scribed the quest for the “pure phenomenon,” which could be dis­ cerned only in a sequence of observations, never in an isolated instance.

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