The Concept of Scientific Law in the Philosophy of Science by Igor Hanzel

By Igor Hanzel

The writer argues reconstruction of clinical legislation may still supply an account of legislation concerning phenomena to underlying mechanisms producing them, in addition to of legislation referring to this mechanism to its inherent capacities. whereas modern philosophy of technology offers merely with the previous, the writer presents the idea that for the reconstruction of medical legislation, the place the information of the phenomena permits one to know the volume in their reason. He then presents the suggestions for medical legislation facing the relation of the amount and caliber of the reason underlying phenomena to the standard and volume of its capacities. ultimately, he offers techniques for clinical legislation expressing how a definite reason, a result of volume and caliber of its capacities, generates the quantitative and qualitative determinations of its manifestations. The ebook is meant for philosophers of technology and philosophers of social technological know-how, in addition to for normal and social scientists.

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This, however, entails that out ofthe modification conditions PI through Ps introduced by Nowak (1980) the following will have fallen out: P3, since the concept of surplus-value has not been introduced as yet either, so there can be no reflection upon the organic composition of capita1; factors P4, P6, Ps, since the concept of capital has not been introduced as yet either, so there can be no reflection upon the organic composition of capital; P5, since there exists no class of capitalists as yet, which prevents reasoning about a social group of merchant capitalists as weIl as merchant profit.

To answer this question it is convenient to use the coneept ofpossible worlds. , those containing idealizations, are firstly a result of the cognition of our actual world. From here, then, the "construction of possible worlds" begins. ,M, containing all the possible worlds in which entities of the moa-type do not exist. 11), then the set M can be divided into two subsets. In one, W, the favorable (ideal) condition for the life of moas is given; in the second, W', the nonfavorable condition (the virus) is present.

There ought to be an agreement in the employment of explanation methods; this has to be the method of gradual concretization. Although this type of scientific law and this method of scientific explanation, in some aspects, were anticipated by Galileo Galilei in physics, Nowak maintains that it was Marx who introduced them into political economy. Thus, Nowak insists, Marx is the Galileo of the social sciences (1980, 34-38). 2 37 WHAT HAS BEEN OMITTED FROM MARX Before verifying Nowak's claim that Marx is the Galileo ofthe sodal sciences, let me try to make a list of the "facts" Nowak either completely neglected, or, in my view, misrepresented in his methodological analysis of Marx's economic writings.

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