Ozonation of Water and Waste Water: A Practical Guide to by Dr. Christiane Gottschalk, Dr. Judy Ann Libra, Dr. Adrian

By Dr. Christiane Gottschalk, Dr. Judy Ann Libra, Dr. Adrian Saupe(auth.)

The major source on ozone know-how, this ebook comprises every little thing from chemical fundamentals to technical and fiscal matters. The textual content has been up-to-date to incorporate the most recent advancements in water therapy and business tactics. Following an advent, the 1st half seems to be at toxicology, response mechanisms and full-scale functions, whereas half B covers experimental layout, apparatus and analytical equipment, mass move, response kinetics and the applying of ozone in mixed processes.Content:
Chapter 1 Toxicology (pages 3–12):
Chapter 2 response Mechanism (pages 13–26):
Chapter three Ozone purposes (pages 27–65):
Chapter four Experimental layout (pages 67–112):
Chapter five Experimental gear and Analytical tools (pages 113–162):
Chapter 6 Mass move (pages 163–203):
Chapter 7 response Kinetics (pages 205–224):
Chapter eight Modeling of Ozonation approaches (pages 225–265):
Chapter nine program of Ozone in mixed strategies (pages 267–343):

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Extra info for Ozonation of Water and Waste Water: A Practical Guide to Understanding Ozone and its Applications, Second Edition

Example text

Examples of treatment conditions for some applications can be found in [17]. A further spread in ozone applications may be prompted by the EU Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive 96/61/EC and activities to evaluate ozone’s potential to be considered a best available technology (BAT) for cleaning and disinfection in food-processing plants [18]. 1 kg O3 h−1 up to 200 kg O3 h−1 from a single unit [19]. In general, the specific energy consumption for ozone production is dependent on the type of ozone generator and on the type of feed gas.

Ozone can be found especially in areas requiring space-saving compact installations that avoid waste streams (waste water or ballast water treatment on ships); in process-water treatment and recycling schemes, in detoxification/removal of hazardous or persistent compounds (hazardous waste or industrial waste-water treatment), or where regulations and/or toxicological considerations have restricted use of chlorine-based oxidants as disinfectants in municipal waste-water treatment plants (MWWTP) [65–67].

For example, the US and EU standards for total trihalomethanes are 80 and 29 30 3 Ozone Applications 100 µg l−1 respectively. 4 billion gallons per day) [13]. Similar concerns over disinfection by-products spurred ozone’s growth in the food-processing industry as an antimicrobial and disinfection agent. Ozone applications in food processing, water disinfection, packaging cleansing and equipment sterilization increased after ozone was given the status as generally regarded as safe (GRAS) for bottled water (US FDA [14]) and approved in general as a antimicrobial agent in food processing in the USA [15] and in Japan [16].

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