By Ina Baghdiantz McCabe
Francis I's ties with the Ottoman Empire marked the beginning of court-sponsored Orientalism in France. less than Louis XIV, French society used to be remodeled by way of cross-cultural contacts with the Ottomans, India, Persia, China, Siam and the Americas. The intake of silk, cotton textile, spices, espresso, tea, china, gemstones, vegetation and different luxurious items reworked lifestyle and gave upward push to a brand new discourse concerning the 'Orient' which in flip formed principles approximately economic system and politics, in particular absolutism and the monarchy. An unique account of the traditional regime, this booklet highlights France's use of the unique and analyzes French discourse approximately Islam and the 'Orient'.
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Extra info for Orientalism in Early Modern France: Eurasian Trade, Exoticism and the Ancien Regime
That it was simultaneous does not mean it was politically related. ” Rather, Peter and Bernard of Clairvaux were arch enemies and represented two sharply different approaches to Islam that coexisted in the same period of time. The king’s lukewarm attitude was yet a third political view. There was a diversity of positions about Islam within France that was erased in the wake of the memory of the crusades. 51 Peter the Venerable did not work alone on this translation of the Qu’ran; he had several collaborators in the translations of the Corpus Toledo, among them a sarrasin, as the Arabs were called during the crusading period.
Among others, many Protestant natives of the Low Countries were attracted to this form of privateering. Converted corsairs of Catholic origins were exceptional, but some became extremely prominent. The familiarity of several Flemish converts The Ambassadors • 39 to Islam with the Barbary Coast was perhaps what prompted of the Hafsid Bey of Tunis, Mulay Hasan, to visit Brussels in 1534, right after he was ousted out of Tunis by Khair-ed-Din. Just when Khair-ed-Din sent an envoy to France, the vanquished Bey of Tunis, Mulay Hasan ran to France’s enemy in the same year of 1534.
The memory is vivid: the departure of the Turks from Provence is commemorated to this day through the local cult of a washerwoman, a lavandière, turned into a folk heroine. Every year in the city of Nice, 42 • Orientalism in Early Modern France concurrent with Saint Catherine’s Day on November 25, Catherine Segurane Day is celebrated with great ceremony. The Ottoman departure from Nice, and not the Ottoman invasion, is remembered by evoking how Catherine Segurane chased the Turks out of Nice, but her very existence remains to be established.