By G. Boniolo
Medical innovations, legislation, theories, types and proposal experiments are representations yet uniquely diverse. In On clinical illustration each one is given a whole philosophical exploration inside of an unique, coherent philosophical framework that's strongly rooted within the Kantian culture (Kant, Hertz, Vaihinger, Cassirer). via a revisionist old process, Boniolo indicates how the Kantian culture can assist us renew and reconsider modern matters in epistemology and the philosophy of technological know-how.
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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) committed a lot of his existence to a couple of the main relevant debates of his time. For him, our likelihood of development in the direction of the happiness of mankind lies within the potential to acknowledge the price of the several views in which people method the realm. Controversies offer the chance to workout this ability via imminent the opponent no longer as an adversary yet as anyone from whose viewpoint we will be able to enhance our personal point of view and increase our wisdom.
Clinical thoughts, legislation, theories, types and idea experiments are representations yet uniquely varied. In On clinical illustration each one is given an entire philosophical exploration inside of an unique, coherent philosophical framework that's strongly rooted within the Kantian culture (Kant, Hertz, Vaihinger, Cassirer).
Inspite of a strong culture, greater than thousand years outdated, that during a legitimate argument the premises has to be appropriate to the belief, twentieth-century logicians ignored the idea that of relevance till the booklet of quantity I of this huge paintings. seeing that that point relevance good judgment has accomplished an enormous position within the box of philosophy: quantity II of Entailment brings to a end a robust and authoritative presentation of the topic via many of the best humans operating within the region.
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Additional resources for On Scientific Representation: From Kant to a New Philosophy of Science
Nevertheless, substance is the category without which the other categories would not have any value: we cannot speak of quantity, quality, time, position, action and so on, without something which can have such determination, that is, without substance. Note that the accidental categories, being schemata of empirical accidents, are not accidents in the usual sense. For if being ‘white’, or ‘good’ can pertain to man accidentally, since a particular man can be white, or good; it is not at all accidental that a man has the possibility of having a quality such as ‘whiteness’, or ‘goodness’.
What it gives is a universal rule for the connection of the particulars themselves. Thus we can proceed from a general mathematical formula, – for example, from the formula of a curve of the second order, – to the special geometric forms of the circle, the ellipse, and so on, by considering a certain parameter which occurs in them and permitting it to vary through a continuous series of magnitudes. (Cassirer, 1910, pp. , p. 14), due to a creative (productive) act of the knowing subject. The concept reached thus is not only more universal than the concepts which can be derived from it, but it has also a larger comprehension.
However, Cassirer goes further than Kant, and tries to mix the Kantian idea of function with the idea of function that was being developed in works on the foundations of mathematics in those years – in Russell’s Principles of Mathematics of 1903, in Russell’s and Whitehead’s Principia Mathematica of 1910, and in the earlier essays by Frege, The Foundations of Arithmetic (1884), and ‘A Critical Elucidation of some Points in Schröder’s Vorlesungen über die Algebra der Logik’ (1895). There are, he [Russell in Principles of Mathematics] stresses, two ways to determine classes: one by pointing out their members one by one and connecting them as a mere aggregate, by a simple ‘and’ – the other by stating a universal characteristic, a condition which all members of the class must fulfill.