By George Karanastasis MD, Christos S. Mantzoros MD, DSc (auth.), Christos S. Mantzoros MD, DSc (eds.)
The expanding occurrence of diabetes and weight problems in western societies this day makes those ailments the top epidemics of the twenty first century. heavily associated with the improvement of great issues, together with heart problems and a number of other malignancies, the morbidity and mortality linked to weight problems and diabetes will proceed to improve because the inhabitants a while and turns into extra sedentary. In weight problems and Diabetes, overseas specialists from world-renowned scientific colleges comprehensively evaluation for training clinicians and scientists alike the newest knowing of the epidemiology, causation, and results of diabetes and weight problems. The authors speak about intimately their analysis, scientific manifestations, problems, and most sensible practices for analysis and remedy. additionally they evaluate the background and epidemiology of those stipulations, clarify their genetics and pathophysiology, and light up their identified mechanisms and interactions. state of the art survey-chapters critique present ways (lifestyle and pharmacological) to the remedy of those stipulations.
Authoritative and up to date, weight problems and Diabetes deals a accomplished assessment of the medical and scientific features of weight problems and diabetes, even whereas delivering a strong incentive to concentration our public healthiness efforts on prevention and our scientific efforts on treatment.
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Extra resources for Obesity and Diabetes
8% of total health-care expenditures in the United States (22). PREVALENCE A N D T R E N D S OF O B E S I T Y IN C H I L D R E N A N D A D O L E S C E N T S Currently, there is a lack of agreement concerning the definitions for overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, which makes comparisons of prevalence across countries difficult. In the United States, the 85th and 95th percentiles of BMI for age and sex based on nationally representative survey data have been recommended as cutoff points to identify overweight and obesity (23).
United States and Canada Six nationally representative examination surveys on the prevalence of overweight among children and adolescents have been conducted in the United States between the 1960s and 1999-2002: NHES 2 and 3; NHANES I, II, and III; and the continuous NHANES (4,25,26). The same standardized measurements have been used in all surveys, thus allowing a unique and comprehensive examination of the changes in overweight status. The 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts for the Epidemiologyof Obesity and Diabetes IBi 16 23 USA D1963-1965;1966-1970t ' 14 12 @ > 0 10 7 8 _o 6 > 4 6-11 year olds t2-19 year olds Fig.
At risk for overweight was defined as a BMI at or above the 85th percentile but less than the 95th percentile of the sex-specific BMI, as defined by the growth chart. Overweight was defined as at or above the 95th percentile of the sexspecific BMI-for-age growth chart. 8% (Fig. 5). 1%. 3%). The most recent data (1999-2002) further show that another 15% of children and teens ages 6-19 yr and 12% of children ages 2-5 yr are considered at risk of becoming overweight. The prevalence of overweight in children and adolescents in Canada has also been dramatically increasing.