By Irene Gendzier
Irene Gendzier's seriously acclaimed, wide-reaching research of post-World struggle II U.S. coverage in Lebanon posits that the politics of oil and pipelines figured way more considerably in U.S. relatives with Lebanon than formerly believed. In 1958 the USA despatched hundreds of thousands of troops to shore up the Lebanese regime within the face of household competition and civil warfare. The justification used to be fighting a coup in Iraq, yet lately declassified files express that the real goal used to be to guard America's advertisement, political, and strategic pursuits in Beirut and the center East. by way of reevaluating U.S.-Lebanese relatives in the context of America's collaborative intervention with the Lebanese ruling elite, Gendzier aptly demonstrates how oil, energy, and politics drove U.S. coverage and stimulated the improvement of the country and the area. In her new preface, Gendzier discusses the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the amazing continuity of U.S. overseas coverage from 1945 to the current.
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Additional info for Notes from the Minefield: United States Intervention in Lebanon, 1945-1958
Policy in this period and after remains of permanent importance and yet continues to go unaddressed, even after the events of 9/11. S. S. policy and its development in the first turbulent post–World War II decade. The factors at work persist, albeit in an international environment deeply altered by the collapse of the Soviet Union. S. S. oil politics. The key, then, is to confront the origins of those politics in order to trace their stilloperating, long-term logic and the course of events that flowed from them over the last fifty years and more.
S. S. policies in Beirut or AngloAmerican planning to protect Western oil interests. In July 1958 these issues were of greatest importance. The choice facing the Eisenhower administration in Beirut prior to July 14 was not about the immediate collapse of the Lebanese state; it The Dynamic of Collaborative Intervention 11 was about the erosion of the regime’s power. Conventional accounts focus on the importance of presidential politics in Beirut, but here, as elsewhere, the presidential campaign, its funding, its constituencies, its political agenda involved far more than the choice of an individual.
Xli Image has been suppressed Lebanon, 1982. S. ) xlii Image has been suppressed OSS map of land transportation routes of the Levant states. (Drawn in Geographical Division of the OSS. ) xliii Image has been suppressed The Near East. 1952. CIA. S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Litany River Project Reconnaissance Report (Beirut 1951). S. -Lebanon Connection In July 1958, close to 15,000 marines landed in Beirut, while some 11,000 air sorties were flown over Lebanon. S. forces intervened at the urgent invitation of President Sham‘un of Lebanon.