By Carsten Greve, Per Lægreid, Lise H. Rykkja
This ebook relies on a distinct information set and assesses in comparative phrases the general public administration reforms within the 5 Nordic international locations: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. in accordance with the exams of administrative executives, the publication compares the Nordic nations with the Anglo-Saxon, the Germanic, the Napoleonic and the East eu staff of nations. The booklet addresses the next questions: What reform tendencies are proper within the public administrations of the Nordic nations? What institutional positive aspects symbolize the nation gurus in those nations? What characterizes the function identification, self-understanding, dominant values, and motivation of administrative govt within the Nordic nations? What characterizes reform methods, traits and content material, what's the relevance of alternative kinds of administration tools, and what are their perceived results and the perceived functionality of the general public management? The e-book additionally examines how different Nordic nations handled the monetary trouble of 2008, and the way the variations and similarities of their techniques might be defined.
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Extra resources for Nordic Administrative Reforms: Lessons for Public Management
H. RYKKJA of procedural or measurement equivalence: Are the scales used in the questionnaire interpreted in a comparable way across countries? ” How respondents approach such scales might depend on the baseline they use for answering and this might be affected by the wider state of reform within their country. Apart from this, other traditional measurement errors apply to this cross-national survey, such as acquiescence bias, social desirability, and extreme response styles. Finally, there is the issue of population equivalence: Is the population we are surveying comparable across countries?
They all have relatively strong central government administrations and have coupled them with a decentralized public service delivery. Most countries have established state-owned companies and have more or less privatized many of them. In general, the Nordic countries are well known for having a sound financial situation (before Iceland was hit by the global financial crisis; see Chap. 1), generous welfare state with access to public services for their citizens and for a relative high trust in their governments.
The Problem of Equivalence Our book covers nineteen countries belonging to quite different administrative cultures, and this has implications for many basic ideas about the role and position of the state and the use of different management instruments. A central problem in comparative research is equivalence (Przeworski and Teune 1970): Are we comparing “like with like”? Three types of equivalence matter in this regard: conceptual equivalence, measurement equivalence, and population equivalence (Van de Walle et al.