New Developments in Mode-Water Research: Dynamic and by Eitarou Oka, Bo Qiu (auth.), Atsushi Kubokawa, Shang-Ping

By Eitarou Oka, Bo Qiu (auth.), Atsushi Kubokawa, Shang-Ping Xie, Fumiaki Kobashi, Humio Mitsudera (eds.)

This booklet contains the articles from the detailed factor of “New advancements in mode-water learn: Dynamic and climatic results” within the Journal of Oceanography, Vol. sixty eight No. 1, 2012, comprising 10 chapters that disguise a large spectrum of issues. themes diversity from the formation, stream, and variability of mode waters to their dynamic impression on floor present and weather effect, and element to new instructions for mode-water examine. How do mode waters fluctuate on decadal and longer timescales, and the way will they alter in line with international warming? What reasons mode-water variability, and the way does it impact floor move and weather? What are the jobs of mesoscale eddies within the formation and dissipation of mode waters and of their variability and alter? This e-book serves as a signpost in our exercise to reply to those and different tough questions.

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7 is very similar to that for the long Rossby waves; if we set / = 0 and rewrite Eq. 4 using q, the equation for the Rossby wave becomes oq bg0 ðH À fqÞq oq À ¼ 0: ot fH ox ð2:8Þ Similarity between Eqs. 8 allows for an interpretation that the propagation of q on the / - y plane is like that on an x - t plane. Since disturbances are advected southward by the Sverdrup flow, -y corresponds to t, and disturbances propagate in the direction of increasing / (westward) on the / - y plane as y decreases.

3, following a review of observations of the three STCCs, we estimate their mean surface current velocities. Then, we show how the three STCCs are related to mode waters, followed by a discussion on the mechanisms of their formation. We also describe STCCs simulated by models, and show that they are rather strong compared with those in observations. Section 4 presents atmospheric and climatic effects of STCCs from observations and models. Seasonal to interdecadal variability and long-term change of STCCs and their mechanisms are discussed in Sect.

In the observations, it results from enhanced atmospheric baroclinicity by the SST front, whereas in the models it is caused by SST anomaly due to thermal advection by the STCC. Recent careful analyses of in situ surface meteorology data and satellite observations find a local peak of net surface heat flux from ocean to atmosphere along the eastern STCC (F. -P. Xie, personal communication), suggesting a similar atmospheric response to that of the models. The effect of SST front observed in the western subtropical gyre has not been reported so far from models.

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