Naturalized Epistemology and Philosophy of Science by Chienkuo Michael Mi, Ruey-lin Chen

By Chienkuo Michael Mi, Ruey-lin Chen

Naturalized epistemology is better noticeable as a cluster of perspectives in keeping with which epistemology is heavily hooked up to traditional technological know-how. a few advocates of naturalized epistemology emphasize methodological concerns, arguing that epistemologists needs to utilize effects from the sciences that research human reasoning in pursuing epistemological questions. the main severe view alongside those strains recommends exchanging conventional epistemology with the mental research of the way we cause. A extra modest view recommends that philosophers utilize effects from sciences learning cognition to unravel epistemological concerns. a slightly diversified type of naturalized epistemology is set the content material of paradigmatically epistemological statements. Advocates of this type of naturalized epistemology suggest money owed of those statements totally by way of scientifically decent gadgets and houses. during this they appear to distinction with extra conventional epistemologists whose debts make unfastened use of evaluative phrases resembling "good purposes" and "adequate evidence". the importance of the claims of advocates of naturalized epistemology can most sensible be liked by way of seeing them as a response to the tools and perspectives which were well known in a lot of the 20th century. (from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

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Similarly if M2 in fact best fits the world. In either case one has a good chance of making the correct choice. Of course there is always the possibility that neither model fits the world very well and the experiment yields a result in some intermediate range. In that case, the whole experiment is simply inconclusive. It is important to realize that the conditional norms for deciding which of two models best fits the world do not require any backing by categorical norms. We do not require a categorical norm such as: Thou shalt decide which of two models best fits the world, or, more generally, Thou shalt do science.

The applicability of such models to situations in the real world would be an empirical question, of course, but not a question of the truth of mathematical statements. Whether one could develop this approach into a full-fledged naturalistic account of mathematics I do not know. I am encouraged that such a program might be carried out by a simple analogy much discussed in debates over the foundations of mathematics a century ago. The game of chess is clearly a human invention. No one thinks the truths about chess, for example, that a King can move only one space at a time, require an a priori justification.

There is no such thing as a complete map. Second, maps may be maps of something. So maps can be understood realistically. Unlike perceptual experience or the operation of physical detectors, however, the production of a map is an act of deliberate construction. If a nervous system or other physical detector is functioning properly, it automatically registers the information available to it from its particular perspective. Insuring that a map correctly represents the intended space requires much deliberate care.

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