Napoleon and the Transformation of Europe (European History by Alexander Grab

By Alexander Grab

Alexander seize explores the influence of Napoleon's domination all through his empire and the reaction of the Europeans to his rule. this significant publication specializes in the advancements and the occasions within the ten states that comprised the Grand Empire: France itself, Belgium, Germany, The Illyrian Provinces, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland. seize discusses Napoleon's exploitation of occupied Europe and especially his reform regulations, and assesses their luck in remodeling Europe.

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Extra info for Napoleon and the Transformation of Europe (European History in Perspective)

Example text

It also enabled him to grant territories to his allies and create new satellite states where he appointed his relatives as rulers. At the same time, the Napoleonic reorganization of their maps marked an important phase toward Italian and German unification, though Napoleon himself had no intention of unifying them. The most significant internal change launched by the Napoleonic regime was the construction of a centralized bureaucratic state characterized by uniform and rational administrative, financial, legal, and military structures based on the French system.

Although the Directory solved the public debt problem, it did so by canceling much of the national debt, thus alienating many lenders. Friction and rivalry among the five members of the Directory further weakened the government. Upon his return from Egypt (9 October 1799), Bonaparte found a French nation in deep crisis. A new European coalition had defeated France in Germany and had driven the French out of Italy. Several generals lost faith in the Directory’s ability to run the war effectively.

He constructed a strong executive and an effective administration, ended the conflict with the Church, stabilized financial conditions, established law and order and crushed the royalist opposition, introduced legal uniformity through the Civil Code, implemented successfully military conscription, and formed a central secondary education system. Indeed, the Consulate period was one of the most dynamic periods of change in French history. While the formation of the Napoleonic authoritarian rule constituted a departure from the ideals of the French Revolution, many of his reform policies were a continuation of programs and changes launched during the Revolutionary decade.

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