Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy by Ayesha Siddiqa

By Ayesha Siddiqa

"This daring e-book explains why it will likely be so tough to cajole the Pakistani army to give up political energy and go back to the barracks. it's a needs to learn for someone who cares approximately Pakistan or its future." Lee H. Hamilton, President and Director, Woodrow Wilson overseas middle for students "Siddiqa demonstrates [how] fiscal impunity and political impunity are heavily related." Nicole Ball, Senior Fellow, middle for foreign coverage, Washington DC "No one else has so comprehensively [explained] the army's involvement in Pakistan's economic climate, nor associated it so essentially with the army's growing to be and likely everlasting function in Pakistan's politics." Stephen P. Cohen, Senior Fellow, overseas coverage reports, Brookings "Complex, riveting, soaking up, Siddiqa has written a extremely important ebook which reinforces our knowing of the military at the entrance line within the conflict on terror." Ahmed Rashid, a long way japanese financial overview "An incisive examine the principally hidden monetary empire run through and for the good thing about Pakistan's army. This brave e-book won't please Pakistan's generals. yet no Pakistani, civilian or army, can come up with the money for to disregard its sobering analysis." Robert M. Hathaway, Director, Asia application, Woodrow Wilson overseas heart for students Pakistan is a strategic best friend of the united states within the "war on terror". it's the 3rd biggest receiver folks reduction on the planet. but Pakistan is a nation run by means of its military. Siddiqa indicates how the ability of the army has reworked Pakistani society, the place the militia became an autonomous classification. the army is entrenched within the company region. So Pakistan's businesses and its major resources are within the fingers of a tiny minority of senior military officers. Siddiqa examines this army economic climate and the implications of merging the army and company sectors. Does democracy have a destiny? Will the generals ever withdraw to the barracks? Milit

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Extra resources for Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy

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Motivated by personal gain, the officer cadre of the armed forces seek political and economic relationships which will enable them to increase their economic returns. The armed forces encourage policies and policy-making environments that multiply their economic opportunities. Totalitarian political systems like Pakistan or Myanmar also have pre-capitalist socioeconomic structures. As these economies are not sufficiently developed, the militaries become direct partners in economic exploitation, while in developed economies the sale of military equipment and services generates profits primarily for the private sector that invests the capital.

In other cases such as Iran, Cuba and China, Milbus is manifested through partnership with the dominant ruling party or individual leader, while in Turkey, Indonesia, Pakistan, Myanmar and Thailand the military is the sole driver of Milbus. An inverse partnership exists in these countries between the civilian players and the military because of the armed forces’ pervasive control of the state and its politics. This military capital also becomes the major driver for the armed forces’ stakes in political control.

Purely in terms of the nature of work, Milbus comprises two broad but distinct sets of activities: • Profit making through the privatization of security. This trend is followed in developed economies. Instead of becoming a direct player in the corporate sector through establishing commercial ventures or acquiring land and other resources, select members of the armed forces offer services such as training or weapons production to generate profit, which is shared with the investors who provide capital for the venture.

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