Medieval Greek Commentaries on the Nicomachean Ethics

Given the iconic value of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, it's impressive to discover that there's no vast surviving statement in this textual content from the interval among the second one century and the 12th century. This quantity is targeted at the first of the medieval commentaries, that produced within the early 12th century through Eustratios of Nicaea, Michael of Ephesus, and an nameless writer in Constantinople. This undertaking was once to have an important impression at the reception of the Nicomachean Ethics in Latin and Catholic Europe.

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Extra info for Medieval Greek Commentaries on the Nicomachean Ethics (Studien und Texte Zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters, Volume 101)

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2, 10–18 and v. 1, 75–91 respectively; Robins (1993) and Schneider (1999) for aspects of grammar, and Kustas (1973) for rhetoric; Conley (1986) focuses on teaching. 29 Browning (1962–1963) esp. 15–17, 19–20; further studies cited in Kaldellis (2005a) 143–144. , Eustathios), they were subsequently appointed bishops in provincial cities, where many felt they had basically been exiled to uncultured backwaters. Still, there is reason to think that they may have continued teaching there. Eustathios’ student in the capital, Michael Choniates, who was appointed to Athens, instructed a local, George Bardanes, who went on to become an important bishop of Kerkyra in the early thirteenth century.

22 anthony kaldellis order to praise the emperor John II Komnenos. Such praise was not limited to the emperors and the aristocracy. 52 Homer was in the air, fueling a shift in values among rulers and writers. Quite possibly, this warrior-aristocracy knew more about the “spirit” of Homer than do modern philologists in their studies. 53 Nor was Homer less alive in the imagination of the sophists. 54 The accusation, then, that the classics were “effectively meaningless” in this society, a mere instrument of grammar, is false.

57 The Preface to Homer, only 190 lines of text, summarizes the poet’s life, the history of the Trojan War—though carefully excising the gods from the narrative of the Iliad—and the fates of Agamemnon and Odysseus. The second text (30 pages long) consists of two parts: first, a narrative summary of The Events Homer Left Out, mostly the fall of Troy to Herakles and then the later one to the Greeks; and, second, The Physical Properties and Moral Qualities of the Greeks and Trojans, a prosopography of names followed mostly by adjectives—Patroklos, it seems, was fat and had a thick beard.

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