Local Governance in Western Europe (SAGE Politics Texts by Peter John

By Peter John

This article offers a entire creation to neighborhood govt and concrete politics in modern Western Europe. it's the first publication to map and clarify the numerous procedures of switch characterizing neighborhood govt platforms and to put those in a surely comparative context. scholars are brought to the conventional buildings and associations of neighborhood govt and proven how those were remodeling based on elevated monetary and political pageant, new rules, institutional reform and the Europeanization of public rules in Europe. on the books middle is the perceived transition from neighborhood executive to neighborhood governance. This key improvement is traced thematically throughout a w

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Reflecting the development of legal forms of political rule, these systems of decentralization are guided by strict procedural rules and local autonomy is protected in the constitution. Scandinavian or split hierarchy systems have a hierarchy of government departments and a parallel one of prefects and local governments. The main difference between split hierarchy and fused systems is the absence of the commune in the former. , 1991). Defending Page and Goldsmith In defence of Page and Goldsmith, these classifications of Western European systems are nuances rather than fundamental differences.

When contrasted is this way, each system of governing has its reinforcing logic. 1 Local government and governance contrasted Government Governance 1 Number of institutions Few Many 2 Bureaucratic structure Hierarchical Consolidated Decentred Fragmented 3 Horizontal networks Closed Extensive 4 International networks Minimal Extensive 5 Democratic linkage Representative Representative + new experiments 6 Policies Routinized Innovative Learning 7 Central government Direct control Decentralizes + micro intervention 8 Leadership Collegial/clientelist Mayoral/charismatic The categories are broad brush and have different expressions in each place.

That is the task of the rest of the book. 18 LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN WESTERN EUROPE Theoretically, all Western European local government systems could be recast anew. If that were the case, the emergence of local governance would lead to the convergence of local political practice across Europe. Instead of institutionalized forms of local politics, locked into nationalized patterns of administration and regulation and reinforced by persistent local political cultures, there would be a multiplicity of networks and informal patterns of government that do not depend on organizational routines and traditions and adapt existing patterns of regulation to solve local public problems.

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