Learning a Living: First Results of the Adult Literacy And by OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

By OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

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Switzerland Norway Canada Bermuda United States Italy D. Problem solving scale Norway Switzerland Note: Switzerland (Italian), the United States, and the state of Nuevo Leon in Mexico did not field the problem solving skills domain. 5th percentile Canada Bermuda Italy Countries are ranked by mean scores. Source: Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey, 2003. 36 Statistics Canada and OECD 2005 Chapter 2 / Comparative Profiles of Adult Skills Proficiency at Level 1 indicates that persons may be able to locate one piece of information that is identical or synonymous with the information given in a directive but in general they have difficulty making low-level text-based inferences.

Addressing this would require complex and costly longitudinal designs involving repeated cognitive assessments of the same individuals over time. It is also important to consider changes in the quality of education over time, or the quality effects of education. 8 adjust for the quantity of education only, not the quality of education. But it is likely that gradual improvement in education systems over time explains at least part of the skills-age relationship observed. Thus changes in quality must be assessed and included in this type of analysis in order to properly ascertain the observed skills-age relationship.

Indeed, a number of studies suggest that experiences can lead to an accumulation of knowledge and skills until an advanced age, when they may level off (Horn and Hofer, 1992; Schaie, 1994; Marsiske and Smith, 1998). The latter phenomenon is referred to as practice effect. The outcome of the interaction between ageing and practice effects invariably depends on the extent and nature of life experiences. 7 A B Age and adult skills A. 95 confidence interval for mean 75th percentile 350 95th percentile 200 300 250 150 Legend 1.

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