By Lori Plotkin Boghardt
Kuwait amid struggle, Peace and Revolution explores Kuwaiti inner protection demanding situations together with terrorism, sabotage and subversion, and examines coverage responses reminiscent of mass deportations and specified protection trials utilizing untapped Kuwaiti govt resources. The learn information how turmoil in neighbouring states like Iraq and Iran, and deep ethnic and spiritual tensions within Kuwait, form Kuwait's hazard atmosphere. The research probes the interval of the Iranian revolution, Iran-Iraq struggle and Iraqi invasion, and applies classes realized to new demanding situations in Kuwait, together with Islamic extremism.
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Extra resources for Kuwait Amid War, Peace and Revolution: 1979-1991 and New Challenges
The assembly initiatives had developed into a threat to al-Sabah authority and control. On top of the merchants’ growing demands, an outside challenge to the ruler’s authority emerged in the context of the parliamentary experiment: Iraq. Baghdad promoted the idea of Kuwait as an historical part of Iraq since Ottoman times via provocative broadcasts and press reports that proved popular with Kuwaiti residents, and by way of contacts with assembly members who had political and economic ties to Iraq.
New property ownership laws further limiting non-Kuwaitis’ ability to acquire land and new regulations for visit visas, all issued during the last two months of the year, complemented the deportations. In sum, although Iranians residing in Kuwait had been considered a security nuisance from the start of the revolution, by late 1979 they had come to be viewed as a potential threat to stability. This was due to their involvement in non-violent as well as violent political activities in Kuwait and the wider Arab Gulf region.
73 Kuwait’s Iranian residents heeded Khomeini’s calls to action in their host country. 74 In March, 10,000 Iranians voted at their embassy on a referendum concerning the Islamic republic. 75 The active support for the new Iran by Kuwaiti Shia and Iranian residents immediately distinguished these groups for the Kuwaiti authorities as the most threatening elements of society in relation to the revolution. The third dynamic was the “Shiite-ization” of the revolutionary challenge by various elements of the Kuwaiti establishment itself.