Japanese Phrase Structure Grammar: A Unification-Based by Takao Gunji (auth.)

By Takao Gunji (auth.)

This publication is a substantial revision and extension of my thesis for The Ohio country collage accomplished in 1981: A word Structural research of the japanese Language (Gunji 1981a). The booklet discusses many of the significant grammatical structures of jap in a model of word constitution grammar referred to as jap word constitution Grammar (JPSG), that's loosely according to such frameworks for word constitution grammar as Generalized word constitution Grammar (GPSG) and Head-driven word constitution Grammar (HPSG). specific emphasis is put on the binding and regulate of pronouns (both implicit - "zero" - and particular ones, together with reflexives) in complementation constructions (chapter four) and adjunction constructions (chapter 5). even if this publication began as a revision of my 1981 thesis, the consequent publication has few lines of my considering then. The 1981 thesis used to be heavily concerning an early model of GPSG, which was once then at a really initial level, and that i had just a couple of preprints of papers through Gerald Gazdar and others to learn. GPSG itself has developed up to now. a number of years, culminating in a publication released final 12 months (Gazdar, Klein, Pullum, and Sag 1985), which differs from the early conception in lots of ways.

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Extra info for Japanese Phrase Structure Grammar: A Unification-Based Approach

Example text

Daremo ko-nakat-ta. no one come-NEG-PAST Noone came. 41b) establishes a pragmatically prominent person in the context, and thus the use of kare 'he' following these utterances must refer to someone mentioned earlier. In chapter 4, I will use this rule of thumb in discussing the mechanisms to determine the controller of the reflexive and null pronouns. 42) a. Minna-ga zibun-no tomodati-wo turetekita. everyone-NOM self-GEN friend-ACC brought Everyone brought his friend. b. Dare-ga zibun-no tomodati-wo turetekita?

Shibatani (1978a)), as is seen below. 25) a. Ken-ni-wa Naomi-ga DAT-TOP zibun-no imooto-yorimo NOM self-GEN sister-than kawaii. love Ken loves Naomi more than { his } sister. *her b. Ken-no sense1-m-wa kodomo-ga sannin GEN teacher-VAT- TOP child-NOM three o-ari-ninaru. HON-exist-HON Ken's teacher has three children. c. Watasi-ni-wa sensei-ga I# itumo zinsei-no otehon-tosite 1-DAT-TOP teacher-NOM always life-GEN exemplar-as at-ta. exist-PAST. o-ari-ninat-ta. HON-exist-HON-PAST I have always had my teacher as the exemplar in life.

In short, the Raising operator supplies the NP argument to the complement VP in order to make functional application applicable. Thus, expect to come, for example, will have the following translation: (i) fR(expect')(come') where fR is the Raising operator and is defined as: (ii) fR(a)({J)(Y) = a({J(y)) Thus, expect John to come will be translated as: (iii) fR(expect')(come')(John') = expect'(come'(John')) What fR does is essentially decompose the type s (the argument in the type of expect) into a type vp and a type np, so that, instead of taking an S' directly, fR(expect') can take a VP' first and then an NP'.

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