Islam, the Ancient Near East and Varieties of Godlessness: by Patricia Crone; Hanna Siurua

By Patricia Crone; Hanna Siurua

Patricia Crone's accumulated experiences in 3 Volumes brings jointly a couple of her released, unpublished, and revised writings on close to japanese and Islamic heritage, prepared round 3 particular yet interconnected topics. quantity three, Islam, the traditional close to East and kinds of Godlessness, locations the increase of Islam within the context of the traditional close to East and investigates sceptical and subversive rules within the Islamic global. quantity 1, The Qurʾānic Pagans and comparable issues, pursues the reconstruction of the non secular atmosphere within which Islam arose and develops an intertextual method of learning the Qurʾānic non secular milieu. quantity 2, The Iranian Reception of Islam: The Non-Traditionalist Strands, examines the reception of pre-Islamic legacies in Islam, peculiarly that of the Iranians.

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Lehtinen (eds), The Petra Papyri, 1 (Amman 2002). Our thanks to Glen Bowersock for referring us to this literature. 2 Cf. Koenen, Daniel and Gagas, ‘Petra in the Sixth Century’, 251. The papyrus (Inv. 10, P. Petra Khaled and Suha Shoman) is still unpublished. There is no explicit mention of lots in the draft edition and translation that Crone has seen, courtesy of her colleague Glen Bowersock, but the parallels with the Nessana papyrus are certainly striking. : The papyrus has now been published as L.

Al-Imāma waʾl-siyāsa (Cairo 1969), i, 78. Al-Nuwayrī, al-Bidāya waʾl-nihāya (Cairo 1975), xx, 219, where he divides the booty from Iṣfahān, even including a loaf, into seven portions (one for each of the sevenths into which Kufa was divided at the time) and distributes them by lot. the ancient near east and islam: the case of lot-casting 23 Qays (d. 33 All these reports are prescriptive and hardly to be taken at face value as historical reports. Taken as literature, however, they certainly suggest that Muslims who came out of Arabia took the use of lots for the division of conquered land and booty for granted.

Cf. G. 13 The practice is not attested at Athens14 nor, it would seem, anywhere else in Greek antiquity, except in a speech once attributed to Dio of Prusa (in Anatolia, d. c. 120), now held to be by Favorinus (d. 15 Wherever the orator may have encountered the practice, it certainly sounds similar to that attested in Petra and Nessana, but it is hard to say more on the basis of a single passage. 17 But the evidence relating to conquered land and | booty peters out in the third century, and the Romans do not seem to have used this method in connection with inherited property either, except in three specific circumstances.

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