By Gerhard Endress
Эта книга, по словам автора, была написана, чтобы дать студентам, изучающим историю ислама и историю мусульманских народов, представление об основных концепциях и проблемах этой темы. Книга - не пересказ и не краткое изложение истории, но руководство или вспомогательное пособие ко многим другим доступным книгам, в которых соответствующие темы изложены полнее.
Автор надеется также, что индексированные подробные хронологические таблицы и обширная библиография станут руководящими гидами в изучении предмета.Образцы сканов:
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Extra info for Islam. An historical introduction
In God do believers put their trust. God had already given you the victory at Badr when ye were contemptible. So observe your duty to God in order that ye may be thankful. (Sura 3, verses 121–3) whereas the defeat at U˙ud is to serve as a test for the believers: And was it so, when a disaster smote you, though he had smitten (them with a disaster) twice (as great), that ye said, how is this? Say (unto them, O Mu˙ammad): It is from yourselves. Lo! God is able to do all things. That which befell you, on the day when the two armies met, was by permission of God that He might know the true believers and that He might know the hypocrites.
These associations, moreover, have only been preserved for us by the manifold facets and reflections of religious tradition. Mu˙ammad, the Prophet, was according to his own belief and that of his community the recipient of the Revelation, God’s human instrument. It was his mission to ‘repeat’ and ‘recite’ the message of the heavenly Book of Revelation. ‘Recite; in the name of your Lord’ – with this introduction to the first revelation (sura 96) he found himself called to be a prophet; there then followed the command ‘Stand up and warn’ (sura 74) which designated him as the messenger of God to His people.
Anyone who cannot read the sources often has to be satisfied with half-baked ideas and half-truths. On the other hand, philological precision can simulate an objectivity which adopts as its own the limited horizon of the medieval reader instead of teaching one to look through it. It often presents to those seeking introduction and orientation nothing more than an overall array of remote facts. Contacts with other disciplines are therefore necessary – with general historical studies, with cultural geography and with social sciences.