Improving Oral Health for the Elderly: An Interdisciplinary by Steven M. Albert (auth.), Ira B. Lamster, Mary E. Northridge

By Steven M. Albert (auth.), Ira B. Lamster, Mary E. Northridge (eds.)

Improving Oral health and wellbeing for the aged: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Edited via Ira B. Lamster, Columbia college collage of Dental drugs, New York

Mary E. Northridge, Mailman college of Public health and wellbeing, Columbia college, New York

Improving Oral wellbeing and fitness for the aged: An Interdisciplinary Approach examines extensive a very important but usually ignored indicator of seniors’ caliber of existence. through combining a lifespan method of overall healthiness with a biopsychosocial point of view on future health disparities, this ebook areas oral health and wellbeing within the greater context of actual and psychological overall healthiness. bankruptcy authors emphasize elders’ special wishes as a gaggle, the interaction of things contributing to the oral sickness burden (from elevated enamel retention to the absence of dental advantages as a part of Medicare), and the necessity—and total benefits—of better carrier supply and interdisciplinary care. the result's a useful set of concepts to the medical, learn, and administrative groups that they could use to higher comprehend and serve this gradually becoming population.

Among the subjects covered:

  • Access to oral well-being care.
  • Common health problems and stipulations affecting seniors’ oral health.
  • Normal oral/dental adjustments linked to getting older.
  • Oral wellbeing and fitness care concerns for older adults.
  • Educating the dental profession.
  • Emerging study and coverage issues.
  • Plus particular chapters on periodontal affliction as a danger issue for systemic illnesses, oral melanoma, and orofacial discomfort.

Improving Oral well-being for the aged: An Interdisciplinary Approach is of rapid curiosity to readers in dentistry, drugs, and getting older stories, yet this precise quantity additionally benefits the eye of pros and researchers fascinated by group and public future health, future health advertising, disorder prevention, social paintings, health and wellbeing care coverage and planning.

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Extra info for Improving Oral Health for the Elderly: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Sample text

As seen for dental caries, the periodontal status of older adults who are institutionalized (in long-term care facilities) tends to be poor, and worse than what is observed for community-dwelling seniors. Lo et al. (2004) examined a large group (3153 individuals) of institutionalized older adults in Hong Kong. 8 years, and about one-fifth were edentulous. Of the dentate subjects, about 2 The Oral Disease Burden Faced by Older Adults 25 one-fifth had severe periodontitis. They also noted that approximately two-thirds reported difficulty chewing.

A visit to any physician’s office, hospital, or pharmacy easily shows that older people are the primary users of these services. For example, in 2004 the volume of office-based physician visits per 100 people was 219 for people aged 18– 44 years, 376 for people aged 45–64 years, and 675 for people aged 65 years and older (National Center for Health Statistics 2006, Table 89). Medication prescribing recorded during these physician visits follows the same pattern. The total number of prescribed drugs per 100 people in 2003–2004 was 327 for people aged 18–44 years, 795 for people aged 45–64 years, and 1698 for people aged 65 years and older (National Center for Health Statistics 2006, Table 92).

The initial host response is confined to the soft tissues (gingivitis). Virtually all adults demonstrate some degree of gingivitis. In a smaller number of patients the intensity of the host response leads to loss of soft tissue, the periodontal ligament which connects the tooth root to the alveolus and the alveolar bone surrounding the teeth (Fig. 2). When this occurs periodontitis is present. Clinical signs of periodontitis include erythema and edema of the gingival tissues, pocket formation, exposure of the root portion of the tooth, tooth mobility, abscess formation and eventually tooth loss.

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