Impact of Pesticides on Farmer Health and the Rice by P. L. Pingali (auth.), Prabhu L. Pingali, Pierre A. Roger

By P. L. Pingali (auth.), Prabhu L. Pingali, Pierre A. Roger (eds.)

The publication covers a few of the points of using insecticides, their habit, degradation, and affects in wetland ricefields, and offers the result of surveys performed within the Philippines and Thailand. It comprises either bibliographic experiences and chosen facets of the experimental result of a learn undertaking on pesticide affects in wetland ricefields. the 1st part of the `Pesticide effect' venture used to be built within the Philippines from 1989 to 1991. It used to be a multidisciplinary/collaborative process regarding scientists from IRRI, NRI (England), ORSTOM (France), UPLB (Philippines) who studied the consequences of insecticides at the setting and on farmers' well-being, and the least expensive facets in their use.

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Additional resources for Impact of Pesticides on Farmer Health and the Rice Environment

Sample text

For environmental risk assessment, experimentation with the target species is also possible. Epidemiological data are one method for assessing the acute health effects from exposure to toxic materials. Survey data from populations at risk, especially in occupational settings, are widely used for this purpose. Epidemiological methods work well in drawing inferences of acute effects because the magnitude of the health risk from acute exposure is much greater than the statistical error contained in epidemiological data.

The fate of a pesticide or chemical applied to soil depends largely on two of A FRAMEWORK FOR ANALYSIS 31 the pesticide's properties: persistence and solubility. Persistence is a measure of a chemical's rate of degradation and is usually measured in terms of a chemical's half-life. Solubility, sorption, and volatility determine how a compound partitions among water, soil, and air phases and determine whether the chemical is transported primarily with sediment or water. When a pesticide is applied, some of it will adhere to the organic carbon in the soil particles; this is called adsorption.

Ultimately, choices are up to the decision makers, but BCA should offer 26 IMPACT OF PESTICIDES ON FARMER HEALTH AND THE RICE ENVIRONMENT them as much help as it can ... describing the limitations of the results obtained through BCA is an important part" (Campen, 1986). 2. Components of a BCA Framework for Pesticide Use An ex ante BCA of a pesticide regulatory policy or technology requires prediction of the direct and indirect effects, expression of the effects in terms of common units, and a determination of the net impact on social welfare.

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