Hillstead House : the country place of Theodate Pope Riddle by Riddle, Theodate Pope; Riddle, Theodate Pope; O'Gorman,

By Riddle, Theodate Pope; Riddle, Theodate Pope; O'Gorman, James F

Nestled within the bucolic village of Farmington, Connecticut, on the summit of 152 hilltop acres, sits what many architectural historians deliberate to be the best Colonial Revival condominium within the usa. The 33,000-square-foot Hill-Stead was once outfitted for Alfred Pope, a filthy rich Cleveland industrialist trying to find an East Coast kingdom property to deal with his world-class selection of French impressionist paintings. the home was once designed by way of his daughter, Theodate, a self-trained architect of substantial expertise and ambition at a time whilst girls of her type have been anticipated to target kinfolk and social prestige. within the spring of 1901, Alfred and Ada Pope moved into their "great new apartment on a hilltop," as American novelist and coffee houseguest Henry James may later describe it. simply as outstanding are Hill-Stead's grounds, designed in session with panorama architect Warren H. Manningfeaturing miles of dry-laid stone partitions, lawns, meadows, and woodlandsthe crowning jewel of that is the sunken backyard designed for Theodate via her buddy Beatrix Farrand. whilst Theodate died in 1946, her will stipulated that the contents of the home by no means be moved, lent, or bought. this present day, it really is maintained in addition to the grounds as a not-for-profitmuseum.

Hill-Stead is the 1st finished monograph in this vintage American domestic. Editor James F. O'Gorman combines stunning colour pictures of the house's structure, artwork, and furniture with the newest old scholarship. the 19 interval rooms awarded in situ contain work by means of Cassatt, Degas, Manet, Monet, and Whistler; eastern woodblock prints; and works on paper through Whistler, Piranesi, Dürer, and Millet. furniture, together with unique Chippendale, Sheraton, and Empire-period antiques are all thereright down toTheodate's parrot, crammed yet nonetheless fascinating in his pagoda cage in her morning room. The relatives silver and china may be considered within the kitchen, and monogrammed bathtub towels nonetheless hold over the massive porcelain tubs. Hill-Stead encompasses a long-overdue reappraisal of the layout contributions of Theodate Pope Riddle. The layout of Hill-Stead, lengthy thought of to be principally the paintings of the company McKim Mead and White, is published to be the paintings of 1 of this country's earliest very important girls architects. Hill-Stead includes a preface by means of architect Robert A. M. Stern

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Accurate historic preservation based on sound research arrived several decades later. Theodate, for instance, changed the exterior of the O’Rourkery from brown to a light color, probably white, even though white paint was rarely, if ever, available in colonial times. Throughout Alfred’s career and Theodate’s schooling, Ada tended to her family and their home. Ada Brooks was born in Salem, Ohio, the third of eight children. By 1862, when she was eighteen, both of her parents had died. Perhaps for this reason, Ada and her siblings remained very close to each other throughout their lives, often gathering in Vermont where their parents had been born.

Photograph taken on their wedding day, May 6, 1916. be l ow : After taking up residency in their new home in Farmington, Alfred and Ada Pope spent quite a bit of time entertaining family and friends. Posed under the portico, Alfred stands in the center, with Ada seated below, surrounded by a small group of Brooks family members. The family pets also joined the photo. 39 Bourbeau and Cormier how people had lived in the colonial era. During the 1880s and 1890s, Farmington’s own Village Improvement Society worked to “clean up” the town and emphasize its colonial heritage.

The classical Roman profiles, pediments, and piers of the house’s exterior and the three-centered arch and classical fireplace frames of its richly articulated interior speak of a higher societal plane than does its vernacular layout. As is characteristic of the revival house, however, HillStead is an “over elaboration, enlargement, and improvement” on both of its original prototypes. 5 Houses of this kind were not meant to recreate the lifestyle of the past but to draw upon its aura. 6 Hill-Stead, First-Floor Plan, McKim, Mead & White Architects, drawing by Egerton Swartwout, 1899 45 O’Gorman The corner of Hill-Stead’s Library houses many of Theodate Pope’s books on 46 architecture.

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