Health Impacts of Waste Management Policies: Proceedings of by P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, C. V. Howard, M. Parkes, L. Hens

By P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, C. V. Howard, M. Parkes, L. Hens (auth.), P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati, L. Hens, C. V. Howard (eds.)

This bankruptcy introduces key topics from the booklet, reflecting the themes of the 'Awareness of the well-being affects of Waste administration regulations' Seminar, in Kos, Greece. November, 1998. The waste administration and wellbeing and fitness scene is brought by way of an summary of concems with regards to chronic natural pollution, in addition to via views from much less built international locations and from undefined. an outline of coverage strains for waste administration comprises an evaluate of contemporary proposals by way of the ecu fee, in addition to chosen examples from eu nations and the united states. Descriptions of advancements in learn, instruments and conceptual methods for waste administration and future health matters are supplied. learn into healthiness results of dioxins and PCBs is printed, as are reports of technological ideas for waste administration, proposed advancements in healthiness influence evaluation, environmental taxes as a waste administration software, and built-in nearby waste administration techniques. a chain of case stories offer actual­ global examples of study and coverage improvement together with a overview of the results of waste administration on natural world and family animals. In end, very important crossover issues and demanding situations are defined. Topical matters contain transformations among technological potential and genuine functionality, burden of evidence and the precautionary precept, possibility as opposed to threat review, and societal dimensions of information and attitudes. Time-lag, intergenerational results and the advent of the chemical hygiene thought are highlighted as vital concerns, in addition to the final desire for prioritisation of the kid and toddler in all regulatory procedures.

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Extra resources for Health Impacts of Waste Management Policies: Proceedings of the Seminar ‘Health Impacts of Waste Management Policies’, Hippocrates Foundation, Kos, Greece, 12–14 November 1998

Sample text

The procedures for Hazard Identification , Dose-Response (toxicity) Assessment, Exposure Assessment and Risk Characterisation are outlined as methods used to quantify adverse effects of the substance, its probability, the extent of human exposure and the risks to public health . In addition problems with this method are referred to, including the difficult links between Risk Characterisation and Risk Management. Considerations include the perception of the risk of health impacts, and the limitations of dealing with multiple substances whose effects are simply added , rather than dealing with potential synergies .

Recent Dutch , US and WHO data on the issue emphasise that a high level of care is needed. Breast-feeding remains of high concern with levels exceeding the UK norm by twenty times and the WHO norm by two hundred times. AWARENESS OF THE HEALTH IMPACTS OF WASTE MANAGEMENT 13 4. Health Issues on Waste Management Janna Koppe, a neonatologist from the University of Amsterdam opens this section of the proceedings focusing on health issues, with a presentation entitled 'Background Exposure to Dioxins and PCBs in Europe and the Resulting Health Effects' .

Most importantly, Birnbaum pointed out that the endpoints of chronic and acute exposure are the same. In other words, it doesn't matter how a certain dose of dioxin gets into the body, the effects are identical. Therefore, the total body burden (i,e. the total amount of dioxin in the body) is the single most relevant measurement that can be made. Most current regulations, however, are based on the TDI , which Birnbaum acknowledged was less than adequate. The most sensitive effects observed so far result from body burdens which are in the range of current human levels , which in the USA are on average 10 ng I-TEQlkg body wt.

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