Gender, Work and Labour Markets by Sue Hatt (auth.)

By Sue Hatt (auth.)

Men and women's detailed roles in efficient task impact their fiscal independence. The e-book makes use of easy financial rules to research the variations among women and men who're in employment, are unemployed or are non-participant in labour markets. the level to which household tasks impact labour marketplace participation varies significantly among women and men with implications for his or her advertising clients and their profits. This ebook considers the coverage implications of the various financial roles of guys and women.

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The growth of women's employment has occurred mainly through the creation of part-time jobs which have increased significantly. 5 million occupied full-time positions. 7 million women (Hakim 1993). Women's employment has grown through part-time work with implications for both the economy and women's status in the labour market. Part-timers frequently receive lower rates of remuneration, have less chance of obtaining training or promotion and work on worse terms and conditions than full-time employees.

As the participation rate has fallen so too the size of the male working population has diminished. 3: Participation Rates in Great Britain per cent Year Men Women 1975 1981 1985 1990 1992 90 89 88 87 93 62 Married Women 59 64 61 72 72 73 66 62 71 Source: General Household Survey, 1992 The total number of men available for employment has experienced a slight decline over the last 30 years. 2. In Britaip 'he number of male employees in employment fell by nearly 3 million between 1964 and 1990. As the shift in the supply of male labour has been slight this in itself is insufficient to explain the reduction in male employment; demand factors too have contributed to this change.

Demand and supply factors have both contributed to this change. The demand for female labour has risen as the service sector has expanded and flexible labour markets have created more part-time jobs which are filled mainly by women. At the same time, the supply of labour has increased in terms of numbers and these two trends have resulted in a substantial rise in the level of women's employment. The demand curve for women's labour has moved outwards from Dl to D2 and this alone would Changing Employment Patterns 33 increase the number of women employed.

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