Future Robots: Towards a robotic science of human beings by Domenico Parisi

By Domenico Parisi

This booklet is for either robotic developers and scientists who research human behaviour and human societies. Scientists don't purely acquire empirical information yet additionally they formulate theories to give an explanation for the information. Theories of human behaviour and human societies are ordinarily expressed in phrases yet, at the present time, with the appearance of the pc they could even be expressed by way of developing computer-based artefacts. If the artefacts do what humans do, the theory/blueprint that has been used to build the artefacts explains human behaviour and human societies. given that humans are basically our bodies, the artefacts needs to be robots, and human robots needs to gradually reproduce all we all know approximately humans and their societies. And, even though they're merely clinical instruments, they could have one vitally important functional software: assisting humans to raised comprehend the numerous tricky difficulties they face at the present time and should face sooner or later - and, maybe, to discover ideas for those difficulties.

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The pattern of activation of the sensory (visual) neurons is determined by the sensory input from the food tokens which are within the robot’s visual field (see Figure 4). The sensory neurons excite or inhibit the internal neurons and the resulting pattern of activation of the internal neurons is called the internal representation of the sensory input. This pattern of activation causes a pattern of activation in the motor neurons which determines the speed of the robot’s two wheels and, therefore, the robot’s movements in the environment.

The motivation to avoid predators becomes very strong when the animal sees a predator and the motivation to mate is intrinsically strong but it becomes stronger when the animal sees an individual of the opposite sex. For human beings everything is more complicated because, unlike nonhuman animals, human beings self-generate all sorts 35 36 Towards a robotic science of human beings of stimuli inside their brain and the strength of their motivations is influenced by these self-generated stimuli – by what they imagine, remember, and think.

Furthermore, unlike nonhuman animals, human beings modify the environment in which they live and their “natural” environment has progressively become an “artificial” environment which has been created by them and continues to be modified by them. In fact, the behaviour of human beings is the result of a two-way interaction with the environment: the environment determines their behaviour and their behaviour determines the environment. An environmental robotics should help us understand this two-way interaction.

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