Fundamentals of Classical Arabic by Husain Abdul Sattar

By Husain Abdul Sattar

This publication comes with a CD that has uncomplicated audio directions for every bankruptcy. Verb conjugates is crucial a part of Arabic grammar. during this ebook verb conjugate charts ordered in classical, effectively spelled and but person pleasant manner. those that learn classical Arabic should have it.

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2). In the case of the masculine sound plural, if the word is in the state of rafa’ (‫ﺭﻓﹾﻊ‬ ), the suffix “ ‫ﻭ ﹶﻥ‬ ” is added; whereas if the word is in either  ), the ending “ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ‬ ” is added. For the states of nasb (‫ﺐ‬‫ﻧﺼ‬) or jarr (‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺎﹺﺑﺪ‬‫( ﻋ‬many male worshipers) in example, ‫ﺎﺑﹺﺪ‬‫( ﻋ‬a male worshiper) becomes ‫ﻥ‬  ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺎﹺﺑ‬‫( ﻋ‬many male worshipers) in the states of nasb the state of rafa’ (‫ﺭﻓﹾﻊ‬ ) and ‫ﻦ‬  ). (‫ﺐ‬‫ﻧﺼ‬) and jarr (‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ 33 Some singular words only use the broken plural, others only use the sound plural.

They (D/M) must not do! ‫ﻌﹸﻠﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﹸ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻌﹸﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻌﹸﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ Verily they (P/M) must not be done! Verily they (P/M) must not do! They (P/M) must not be done! They (P/M) must not do! ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻌﹶﻠ‬ ‫ ﹾﻔ‬‫ﹶﻻ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻌﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹾﻞ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹾﻞ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ Verily she/it (S/F) must not be done! Verily she/it (S/F) must not do! She/It (S/F) must not be done! She/It (S/F) must not do! ‫ﻼ ﱢﻥ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹾﻔ‬‫ﹶﻻ ﺗ‬ EMPHATIC EMPHATIC ‫ﻼ ﱢﻥ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ ﹾﻔ‬‫ﹶﻻ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻼ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ Verily they (D/F) must not be done!

1 illustrates a common pattern of the broken plural for the noun of time and place. FUNDAMENTALS OF CLASSICAL ARABIC 68 PRINCIPLE SIX Recall that nouns express their grammatical states through (1) changes in voweling on the last letter of the word or (2) changes in lettering at the end of the word. As a general rule, broken plurals express their grammatical states through changes in the voweling of their last letter. Two dammahs ( ٌ ) indicate the state of rafa’ (‫ﺭﻓﹾﻊ‬ ), two fathahs ( ً ) indicate the  ).

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