From Jacobin to Liberal by Marc-Antoine Jullien

By Marc-Antoine Jullien

For this booklet R. R. Palmer has translated decisions from the ample writings of the flexible French political determine and author Marc-Antoine Jullien, weaving them along with his personal broad remark into an soaking up narrative of Jullien's lifestyles and instances. Jullien's hopes and fears for the "progress of humanity" have been standard of a number of the French bourgeoisie during this turbulent interval. His existence coincided with the entire period of revolution in Europe and the Americas from 1775 to 1848: he was once born within the 12 months whilst armed uprising opposed to Britain all started in the USA, he witnessed the autumn of the Bastille as a schoolboy in Paris, joined the Jacobin membership, took half within the Reign of Terror, recommended democracy, placed his hopes in Napoleon Bonaparte, grew to become opposed to him, after which welcomed his go back from Elba. less than the restored Bourbons, he turned an outspoken liberal, had a good time within the revolution of 1830, had doubts concerning the July monarchy, welcomed the revolution of 1848, and died a number of weeks sooner than the election of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte as president of the second one Republic. Drawn from books, pamphlets, studies, letters, publication stories, journal articles, poems, and personal notes and memoranda, Jullien's reviews are supplemented right here via letters that his mom wrote in the course of the early years of the French Revolution and by means of articles via Jullien's collaborators within the Revue Encyclopdique. In Palmer's expert fingers, those chosen fabrics from a now forgotten existence vividly painting France's transition from innovative republicanism and the fear during the Napoleonic years to the extra placid liberalism of the 19th century.

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From Jacobin to Liberal

For this publication R. R. Palmer has translated choices from the ample writings of the flexible French political determine and author Marc-Antoine Jullien, weaving them along with his personal huge remark into an soaking up narrative of Jullien's existence and instances. Jullien's hopes and fears for the "progress of humanity" have been normal of a few of the French bourgeoisie during this turbulent interval.

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Signed: C. A. Prieur, Barère, Carnot And on the same day: The Committee of Public Safety directs the National Treasury to transmit to Citizen Marc-Antoine Jullien the sum of 12,000 livres, to be taken from the 50 millions at the disposal of the Committee of Public Safety. Signed: Carnot, C. A. Prieur, Prieur (of the Marne), Hérault, Billaud-Varenne Jullien was at Le Havre as early as 14 September, and he began immediately to report. ” He especially worked to develop a network of Jacobin clubs. He wrote to Barère: Le Havre 18 September 1793 No doubt you have seen, my good friend, my last letter to Robespierre and the one I sent to the Committee of Public Safety, with information on Le Havre and accompanying notes.

Your eagerness to win proselytes for the system of equality is no doubt commendable, but it will be your ruin unless you moderate it. Too much zeal in working for humanity often brings only misfortune to oneself. Don’t move forward too fast, judge the strength of prejudices before combatting them, and make only indirect attacks when you cannot count on a full victory. The great vice of our social system (and it is probably irremediable) comes from the monstrous inequality of fortunes. The rich realize that this could not long endure in a democratic republic, and so are selfishly aroused against a system of government that sooner or later would despoil them of part of their fortune.

Knowing something of the sea, Tréhouard might be useful at Brest with Jeanbon Saint-André, who could give him direction. I forgot to tell you that among Carrier’s agents are several known aristocrats, although he calls them and perhaps thinks them to be pronounced republicans, and among them are some big merchants of Nantes, where there is indeed a mercantile aristocracy. Jullien wrote to Robespierre on the same day: 12 Nivôse [1 January 1794] The arrival of Prieur of the Marne gives hope and joy to all patriots.

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