French Inventions of the Eighteenth Century by Shelby T. McCloy

By Shelby T. McCloy

The eighteenth century, age of France's management in Western civilization, used to be additionally the main flourishing interval of French creative genius. more often than not obscured via England's nice commercial improvement are the contributions France made within the invention of the balloon, paper-making machines, the steamboat, the semaphore telegraph, gasoline illumination, the silk loom, the threshing desktop, the fountain pen, or even the typical graphite pencil. Shelby T. McCloy believes that those and lots of different innovations that have enormously prompted technological growth made prerevolutionary France the rival, if no longer the chief, of England.

In his e-book McCloy analyzes the standards that ended in France's creative job within the eighteenth century. He additionally advances purposes for France's failure to benefit from her creative prowess at a time whilst England's innovations have been being positioned to fast and sensible use.

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But what benefits from it accrued to France? What profit could be made of it, save at exhibitions, and how could developments be kept secret? It was not the type of invention to bring financial returns. " He thought that it might aid the cause of world peace by rendering armies and navies obsolete. It might inaugurate a new mode of travel for men. It might provide a new source of refrigeration, for the preservation of game and the obtaining of ice when needed. Other uses, too, might come from it.

At first the balloonists maintained a great height and enjoyed a magnificent view of eastern England and of shipping in the Channel. But after a time the chilly atmosphere caused the balloon to contract and lose altitude. In an effort to counteract this the passengers threw overboard their anchor, their food, and part of their clothing and other belongings. As this seemed to bring no change for the better, Jeffries offered to carry out his contract to jump overboard if the balloon were in danger of falling; but to this Blanchard would not hear.

For not only was it to bear an undue portion of the load but also to be used for steering. Its tricyclical construction made the machine easily overturned. The boiler and cylinders, made of copper, protruded over the front wheel and gave the appearance, as one book has described it,2 9 of a whisky still on a wheelbarrow. Only enough water could be carried in the boiler to last about fifteen minutes, and there was no way to put more in it without stopping, a 26 Ballot, Machinisme, 388; Figuier, Merveilles, I, 264.

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