French feminism in the nineteenth century by Claire Goldberg Moses

By Claire Goldberg Moses

Histories of France have erased the feminist presence from nineteenth-century political lifestyles and the feminist effect from the alterations that affected the lives of the French. Now, French Feminism within the 19th Century completes the background books by means of restoring this missing--and vital--chapter of French history.

The booklet recounts the turbulent tale of nineteenth-century French feminism, putting it within the context of the final political occasions that inspired its improvement. It additionally examines feminist suggestion and actions, utilizing the very phrases of the ladies themselves--in books, newspapers, pamphlets, memoirs, diaries, speeches, and letters. Featured is a wealth of formerly unpublished own letters written by means of Saint-Simonian ladies. those engrossing files display the nuances of fixing recognition and express the way it resulted in an self reliant women's movement.

Also explored are the relationships among feminist ideology and women's genuine status--legal, social, and economic--during the century. either bourgeois and working-class ladies are surveyed.

Beginning with a normal survey of feminism in France, the booklet presents historic context and clarifies the later vicissitudes of the "condition feminine."

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Page i French Feminism in the Nineteenth Century Page ii SUNY Series in European Social History Leo A. Loubère, Editor Page iii French Feminism in the Nineteenth Century Claire Goldberg Moses Page iv Cover photo courtesy of Bibl. Nat. Paris, Elections de 1849, Suffrage des femmes (artist unknown). " Published by State University of New York Press, Albany © 1984 State University of New York All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews.

When Théroigne de Méricourt asked to be admitted with voting rights, she was refused. The other clubs, including the Jacobins, denied women even the freedom to speak. Women did participate in politics through the "mixed fraternal societies" which had been created to inform and instruct "passive" citizensincluding womenabout the actions of the revolutionary government. These societies quickly spread through Paris; in May 1791, they were organized into a single organization under the presidency of François Robert.

He specifically mentioned teaching, the ministry, law, and monarchy or state governance. Acknowledging that it might at first seem surprising, even shocking, to see a woman occupy a chair at a university, march at the head of a police force, argue a legal case, preside over a court, lead an army, or act as an ambassador, he held that it would be strange merely because of the novelty. If women had from the beginning been admitted to the various professions, it would not cause any more astonishment to see them in government positions than in shops.

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