Flodden: A Scottish Tragedy by Peter Reese

By Peter Reese

Within the breadth of bitter-sweet Scottish background there is not any extra poignant, no more vital, conflict than Flodden. prior to Scotland's disastrous defeat by the hands of the English less than the Earl of Surrey, a proud kingdom less than its dynamic Stewart king, James IV, was once rising as a different and flourishing country inside Europe. With defeat the inevitability of Scotland's Reformation and union with England is difficult to disclaim. Flodden used to be an ignominious and disastrous second for the Scots, the entire extra so for being a principally pointless come across, fought with more suitable numbers and palms, which left the rustic vulnerable, uncovered and leaderless. during this bestselling research of 1 of the main well-known battles in historical past, Peter Reese recreates the drama and calamity of the conflict fought simply south of the River Tweed on nine September 1513. Drawing jointly the political, army and old historical past to the clash, he examines the 2 armies and their leaders and explains the an important tactical strikes either sooner than and through the stumble upon. the result's a completely researched but continually available and real looking account of the conflict Scotland has attempted to forget.

"A cracker of a e-book which reads like a unique but has the authority of many a weightier tome." --"Sunday Herald"

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Flodden: A Scottish Tragedy

Within the breadth of bitter-sweet Scottish heritage there isn't any extra poignant, no more very important, conflict than Flodden. ahead of Scotland's disastrous defeat by the hands of the English less than the Earl of Surrey, a proud nation below its dynamic Stewart king, James IV, was once rising as a special and flourishing country inside Europe.

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It is not diYcult to imagine that the wealthy and aristocratic daughters of the urban elites, who Wlled many convents of the Catholic world, were used to the presence of servants as part of their family life, and were keen to try to maintain their old habits and comfortable life once they had settled into the convent, expecting to be dutifully served by other sisters. The distinction between these two classes was a formal feature of monastic life. Regulations deWned the precedence of choir nuns over servant nuns, and the subordinate position of the latter.

47 In some countries, nuns were the victims of religious persecution just like other Catholics. The Wrst female English Catholic martyr was the visionary woman, and former domestic servant, Elizabeth Barton from Kent, also known as ‘the Nun’. A nun with a reputation for holiness, Barton was a controversial character, mainly to due to the nature of her prophecies, some of which invoked opposition to the king’s divorce. She became a target for detractors of Catholicism, and was executed without trial in 1534.

Only if they died intact could their sacred marriage be consummated. Enclosure ensured that their immaculate bodies would be preserved for ever. 420), for instance, had advised the Roman matron and nun-to-be Eustochium that it would have been dangerous for a virgin to leave the protected environment and venture outdoors: ‘Go not out from home, nor wish to behold the daughters of a strange country . . Diana went out and was ravished. I would not have you seek a bridegroom in the highways, I would not have you go about the corners of the city .

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