Feminist Generations: The Persistence of the Radical Women's by Nancy Whittier

By Nancy Whittier

the unconventional feminist flow has gone through major transformation during the last 4 decades—from the direct motion of the Nineteen Sixties and Seventies to the backlash opposed to feminism within the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties. Drawing on organizational records and interviews with either veterans of the women's circulate and more youthful feminists in Columbus, Ohio, Nancy Whittier strains the altering definitions of feminism because the stream has developed. She records refined diversifications in feminist id and analyzes the outstanding changes, conflicts, and cooperation among longtime and up to date activists.

The collective tales of the women—many of them lesbians and lesbian feminists whom the writer indicates to be crucial to the women's flow and radical feminism—illustrate that modern radical feminism is especially a lot alive. it truly is sustained via protests, direct motion, feminist bookstores, rape concern facilities, and cultural actions like tune fairs and writers workshops, which Whittier argues are integral—and political—aspects of the movement's survival.

Her research contains discussions of a number of either liberal and radical corporations, together with the Women's motion Collective, girls opposed to Rape, Fan the Flames book place, the Ohio period activity strength, and NOW. not like many reviews of feminist organizing, her learn additionally considers the adaptation among Columbus, a Midwest, medium-sized urban, and feminist actions in significant towns like manhattan, San Francisco, and Chicago, in addition to the jobs of radical feminists within the improvement of women's experiences departments and different social activities like AIDS schooling and self-help.

within the sequence Women within the Political Economy, edited through Ronnie J. Steinberg.

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WOMEN ' S STUDIES The effort to establish a women's studies program was a major focus of feminist activism on campus throughout the early I970s. The campaign drew activists from a wide range of groups within the university, including faculty, staff, and students , and transcended divisions between "liberal" and "radical" feminism . The Women's Studies Ad Hoc Committee , the Women 's Studies Caucus, and the Women 's Caucus of the OS U Community, the main organizations behind the campaign, had largely overlapping memberships: One active participant indicated that the same women gave themselves a number of different organizational names in an effort to make their ranks appear larger.

3' WAC went from plentiful funding in the late 1970S to shortages and financial insecurity by 1980 as the economic climate worsened . By early 1979 WAC was in its first major financial crisis, needing to raise $7,000 in six months in order to keep its house . In 1980 the rape prevention grant from the National Institute of Mental Health ran out. Since the grant essentially supported the WAC house and most of the activities of Women Against Rape, the latter cut back on many services and programs.

In the following year, the university established Women's Services, charged with "generat{ing} programs and services to meet the developmental needs of women students on campus. "27 The establishment of Women's Services took place amidst much controversy because it was linked to the campus Counseling and Consultation Services, and activists op- Copyrighted Material 42 :: Chapter I posed the implication that women needed psychological help. 2B Its funding also was precarious, especially for the first years .

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