Fat : Fighting the Obesity Epidemic by Robert Pool

By Robert Pool

While the leptin gene was once found in 1994, information articles anticipated that there may perhaps quickly be a simple, pharmaceutical option to the transforming into public health and wellbeing trouble of weight problems. but this clinical step forward in simple terms proved once more how tough the struggle opposed to fats quite is. regardless of the various appetite-suppressants, weight loss supplements, and weight reduction courses on hand at the present time, nearly 30 percentage of usa citizens are overweight. And that quantity is increasing swiftly. fats is the enticing tale of the clinical quest to appreciate and keep an eye on bodyweight. protecting the complete 20th century, Robert Pool chronicles the evolving blame-game for fat--from being end result of the undisciplined habit to unconscious conflicts, physiological affliction, and environmental extra. Readers in contemporary weight-conscious society can be shocked to profit that being obese used to be really inspired by means of medical professionals and well known health and wellbeing magazines up until eventually the Nineteen Thirties, whilst the overall healthiness hazards linked to being obese have been publicly well-known. therefore started many years of analysis and experiments that as a consequence defined urge for food, metabolism, and the advance of fats cells. Pool successfully reanimates the colourful characters, curious experiments, superb insights and improper turns that resulted in modern medical realizing of America's epidemic. whereas he recognizes the advances within the pharmacological struggle opposed to flab, he underscores that the true challenge of weight problems isn't really wasting the burden yet protecting it off. medicinal drugs supply a short repair, yet they don't seem to be the last word resolution. American society needs to therapy the dangerous day-by-day environments of its towns and cities, and people who have struggled with their weight and feature skilled the "yo-yo" cycle of healthy eating plan needs to comprehend the underlying technology of bodyweight that makes their fight greater than a query of determination.

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Extra info for Fat : Fighting the Obesity Epidemic

Sample text

At this point—the beginning of the 1930s—there no longer seemed to be any mystery as to why people got fat or how they could lose weight, and obesity research lost its appeal to many medical scientists. True, a few cases of corpulence had interesting etiologies—a tumor near the pituitary gland, a thyroid gone haywire—but most were a clear case of staying at the table too long. The cure was equally plain: eat less. Obesity no longer seemed an interesting subject for inquiry, and the field became a research backwater for a decade or more.

Photo courtesy of the National Library of Medicine. molecules in this way: fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. These combustions release energy, which is captured by the body's cells and used to power all the body's activities, from muscle movements to the building of new tissue. In 1862 von Voit and von Pettenkofer constructed an airtight chamber with which they could study metabolism in detail. By having a human subject live in their respiration chamber for days at a time, Voit and Pettenkofer were able to measure the amount of oxygen consumed and the amount of carbon dioxide produced and so calculate the amount of energy expended by the subject during that time.

Throughout much of the nineteenth century, medical opinion held that it was healthy to carry an extra twenty, thirty, even fifty pounds of fat. Doctors did not countenance extreme obesity of the sort that makes it difficult to walk or carry out other normal activities, but they believed that a decent amount of extra flesh was prudent. It provided a reserve of vitality which would keep a person from becoming run down or excessively tired and would help see a person through an extended illness. Thin simply was not healthy.

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