Evaluating Research Efficiency in the U.S. Environmental by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Policy and Global Affairs, Engineering, and Public Policy Committee on Science, Committee on Evaluating the Efficiency of Research and Developme

A brand new publication from the nationwide learn Council that recommends alterations in how the government evaluates the potency of study at EPA and different businesses. Assessing potency might be thought of just one a part of gauging a program's caliber, relevance, and effectiveness. The potency of study methods and that of investments could be evaluated utilizing various methods. funding potency should still learn even if an agency's R&D portfolio, together with the finances, is proper, of top quality, fits the agency's strategic plan. those reviews require panels of experts.In distinction, method potency may still concentrate on "inputs" (the humans, money, and amenities devoted to examine) and "outputs" (the providers, provides, courses, tracking, and new concepts produced by means of research), in addition to their timelines and will be evaluated utilizing quantitative measures. The committee recommends that the potency of EPA's learn courses be evaluated in keeping with an identical criteria used at different firms. to make sure this, OMB should still educate and oversee its funds examiners in order that the half questionnaire is applied regularly and equitably throughout enterprises.

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This approach does not fit the scientific discovery process. Some 99% of the NIH portfolio has been subjected to PART; 95% percent of the programs are rated as effective, and the other 5% as moderately effective. External research (close to 90% of the budget), which is not under NIH’s direct control, is excluded, although the agency coordinates with awardees to ensure performance. 14 In a case study of the PART process at the Department of Health and Human Services, a similar difficulty was described.

The primary goal of research is knowledge, and the development of new knowledge depends on so many conditions that its efficiency must be evaluated in the context of quality, relevance, and effectiveness in addressing current priorities and anticipating future R&D questions. The criterion of relevance and timely application of the outputs from R&D in ORD and in certain program offices to the regulatory process is particularly important at an agency like EPA. S. federal government with the expected results of the decisions (OMB 2004).

Expert review was also recommended by the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy panel cited in Chapter 1 for evaluating research to comply with the Government Performance and Results Act. 26 Evaluating Research Efficiency in EPA • Scientific credibility and impartiality. • Skills working in committees and advisory panels. The Board of Scientific Counselors The other principal EPA expert-review panel for ORD is the Board of Scientific Counselors (BOSC), a body of nongovernment scientists and engineers established in 1996 to provide advice, information, and recommendations to ORD.

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