Etymological dictionary of Proto-Indo European language by DNGHU ADSOQIATION


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Iskra “ spark “ etc. from *iskrü. Maybe zero grade in Alb. (*aiskno-) shkëndijë ‘spark” [common Alb. n > nd phonetic mutation]. Also Alb. zero grade (*jaskry), shkrinj “melt, burn”, participle *scrum > shkrumb “ashes” [common Alb. m > mb shift] loaned in Rom. scrum “ashes”. Russ. dial. jáska, demin. Bulg. jasno adv. “ clear, distinct “, Russ. jásnyj “ bright, clear “ from *aiskno; Pol. Bulg. iskra ‘spark” etc. from *iskrü. Here the FlN Ger. Aisch (Bavaria), Eysch(en) (Luxembourg), nEng. Axe from Celt.

Ngis “lounger, idler “, ìngas and angùs “ idle, sluggish “; Ltv. îgstu, îgt “ have internal pain, be sullen, morose “, îgnêt “ have disgust “, îgnis “ sullen person “ (Lith. S. jędza “illness”, nSlov. jeza “rage”, Pol. jędza “ fury, witch “ (“gruff, sullen”), Cz. , see Berneker 268 f. ; in *jęga, not *aigü, is consequently to be led back also:) Russ. bába jagá “witch” (s. Brũckner KZ. Ice. E. Fris. inc (d. i. jinc) “angry”, also nEng. inkle “anticipate, foresee “, inkling “whispering, notion, indication, sign”.

Eit m. “ Glow, pyre “: zero grade probably Nor. Swe. id “ leuciscus idus” (a bright carp kind), cf Ger. dial. aitel “ leuciscus cephalus” as the “ shining “; besides u- stem *aidhuin Gaul. Ir. áed “fire”, also as MN; Lat. aedēs “ a dwelling of the gods, a sanctuary, a temple “, ursprũngl. “ the domestic stove “, also aedis = Maced. ἄδις ἐσχάρα Hes. From the verbal adjective in -to- derived probably Lat. aestüs, - ütis “warm season, summer “ (from *aisto-tüt-, IE *aidh-to-); aestus, - ūs (from *aidh-tu-) “heat, glow, surf”, aestuüre “ cook, surge, roar “; Maybe Alb.

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