By Molly Lee, Gregory A. Reinhardt, Andrew Tooyak Jr.
The structure of Eskimo peoples represents a various and profitable technique of dealing with essentially the most critical climates humankind can inhabit. the preferred photo of the igloo is yet one of many many constructions tested through specialists Lee and Reinhardt within the first book-length and arctic-wide research of this outstanding topic.
Lavishly illustrated with old and modern images, drawings, and maps, this quantity contains a accomplished survey of the old literature on Eskimo structure round the circumpolar north. Lee and Reinhardt then draw a longer comparative research of the geographical, climatic, and ethnographic elements of a magnificent breadth of fabric from 4 Arctic subregions: Greenland; the valuable Arctic; the Northwest Arctic and Bering Strait; and Southwest Alaska, the Bering Sea, Siberia, and the Gulf of Alaska. In an cutting edge attention of either fabric and cultural facets of living, they and the peoples they describe redefine the very which means of ''architecture.''
While students of the circumpolar north will welcome the meticulous study of this benchmark examine, its transparent and fluent prose and considerable illustrations make Eskimo structure an engrossing learn for nonspecialists drawn to the outstanding dwellings of arctic indigenous peoples.
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Extra resources for Eskimo Architecture: Dwelling and Structure in the Early Historic Period
CHAPTER 1— GREENLAND 33 90˚ Grinnell Peninsula Mackenzie Delta Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat) Devon Island Baffin Bay Victoria Island e rcl Ci av Isl an d is St it ra Igloolik (Iglulik) Ar D enzie River Mack Ba ffi n c c ti Great Bear Lake Th Wager Bay 60˚ Great Slave Lake n elo River Baker Lake (Qamanittuaq) Southampton Island Chesterfield Inlet (Igluligaarjuk) 60˚ Cape Dorset (Kinngait) Labrador Sea Ungava Peninsula Hudson Bay 0 Miles or ad br La 0 300 Quebec Belcher Island Kilometers 500 90˚ F IGURE 37 Map of Central Arctic.
From Peary 1898:2:427. , fig. 9). In Greenlandic communal houses, as many as three adults and six to seven children could occupy a cubicle four feet wide, although the average was four people (Holm 1914:37; Nansen 1894:79). Lamp flames, insulated walls, and body heat all combined to keep the occupants comfortably warm, if not hot. Thus, Greenland inhabitants usually wore no more than the barest underclothes indoors and regularly sat on the floor, where it was cooler (Holm 1914:35, 60, fig. 30).
Copper Eskimos even angled their tunnel entrances 90˚ leeward (fig. 47), or they diagonally offset the tunnel by about one tunnel width (for three feet or so near its opening), to baffle the wind (Jenness 1922:fig. 19). Caribou Eskimo doors made of boards, which were used to block main dome entrances (Birket-Smith 1929:1:83), are presumably a modern feature. Frequently, residents appended small anterooms for storage and other uses (figs.