Epistemology, Logic and Grammar in the Analysis of by V. P. Bhatta

By V. P. Bhatta

Indian theories of sentence and its which means with certain connection with grammar (Vyåakaraòna), common sense (Nyåaya), and ritualism (Måimåaòmsåa).

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Nevertheless, it should be noted that while such an analysis covers satisfactorily the transitive roots referring to knowledge or understanding such as *jna (to know), the same fails to cover the transitive roots referring to rememberance such as 'smf (to remember) in the examples such as 'he remembers his mother' (mätuh smarati) since the same has no expectancy for Jagadïsa and others consider such roots as transitive, others, headed by Raghunatha, rule out such roots as transitive. 28 Epistemology9 Logic and Grammer an accusative object (the object has a genitive ending in such cases), Khandadevas theory Khandadeva proposes probably the simplest and yet most accurate and comprehensive definition of the transitivity based on the syntactical principle.

E. since the same do not refer to any effect that occurs in ä different locus from that of the root-meaning * action'. Kaundabhatta is against accepting transitive roots as referring to merely an effect and therefore argues that the transitivity cannot be defined as the reference to the effect that occurs in a locus other than that of the action producing it (svärtha phala janaka vyäpära vyadhikarana phalaväcakatvam). For, in that case, the root 6kr9 (to do) would become excluded from the category of transitive roots.

He has incorporated the semantical principal by stating that reference to both an action and an effect is the delimiting property of the transitivity. Also, he has incorporated the syntactical principal by stating that the reference to both action and 40 Epistemology, Logic and Grammar effect makes roots to have a syntactical expectancy. By incorporating together both the aspects, which are actually two sides of the same transitivity, Giridhara has achieved a happy amalgamation of the two most essential characteristics of the transitivity.

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