El espejo de las almas simples (Tiempo de Clásicos) by Margarita Porete

By Margarita Porete

El 1 de junio de 1310, en París, falleció en una hoguera de los angeles Inquisición una mujer de los angeles que poco se sabe: Margarita Porete, una beguina de los angeles región de Hainaut que había escrito un libro, El espejo de las almas simples, y que fue l. a. causa de su condena. Tras su muerte, este libro tuvo tan enorme difusión que, en los últimos siglos de los angeles Edad Media, traspasó fronteras geográficas y lingüísticas como pocos textos de su época, traduciéndose del francés (o del possible unique picardo) al latín, al inglés y al italiano.
Escrito en forma de un diálogo entre personificaciones alegóricas, y en el marco de las formas de expresión de l. a. literatura cortés, El espejo de las almas simples es una obra que enraíza en las corrientes de los angeles llamada «mística femenina» del siglo XIII y cuyos contenidos se vinculan estrechamente al pensamiento del Maestro Eckhart, quien casi con seguridad lo conoció y leyó. El libro, caído en el olvido, fue redescubierto, y con él su autora, en pleno siglo XX. Desde entonces se reconoce en esta obra uno de los grandes hitos de l. a. literatura mística occidental.

«Antes de enfrentarme a un juicio por herejía en l. a. Edad Media, yo habría dejado de escribir. Pero Margarita Porete no lo hizo; period un espíritu libre y una valiente escritora que estaba dispuesta a arriesgarlo todo, incluso su vida».
KEN FOLLET

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Edward II I naturally sought to retain this surcharg e in peacetime . H e manage d afte r 136 0 to secur e fro m parliamen t a continuou s series o f renewal s o f the wartim e rate s o f duty . 000 (73), about tw o third s of the king' s yearly revenue in these years. The direc t taxes (the lay tenths and fifteenths ) wen t o n being collected during most o f th e decad e afte r 1348 . Fo r reason s tha t ar e nowher e explained , n o attempt wa s mad e to reasses s the m afresh . A s a concessio n t o th e landowning class the kin g wa s willing , however, t o deduc t fro m th e quota s du e fro m eac h county th e fine s fo r th e breache s o f th e Statut e o f Labourer s impose d o n it s inhabitants.

THE FINANCIAL POLICIES O F ROYAL GOVERNMENTS I 85 4 VIII Between 136 9 an d 138 0 Franc e experience d muc h heavie r interna l taxatio n than England . Charles V did his best to diminish oppositio n to his fiscal policies. He wa s carefu l t o appeas e al l the majo r noble s by increasin g thei r shar e o f th e taxes levie d in their ow n lordships . H e appears t o hav e gon e beyond th e usua l practice i n also extending these concessions to municipalities. Thus the authorities of Rouen received in 137 3 a third of the town's aides ( 98), which represente d th e same proportion a s the share of most of the great barons.

As migh t b e expected , afte r th e plagu e bot h th e Englis h an d th e Frenc h governments persiste d wit h thei r warlik e policie s an d th e usua l fiscal arrange(67) MOLLA T an d WOLFF , op . , p . 112 . Se e als o belo w fo r furthe r evidenc e o f widespread poverty in France in the reig n o f Charles V (1364-80). , 1976) , p. 306 . (69) E . B . F. Meekings (London , 1978) , pp. 230-31 . (70) R . B . DOBSON , Durham Priory, 1400-1450 (Cambridge , 1973) , p . 271 . THE FINANCIAL POLICIES OF ROYAL GOVERNMENTS I 84 6 ments as if nothing had changed.

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