Dioxins and Health by Thomas Webster, Barry Commoner (auth.), Arnold Schecter

By Thomas Webster, Barry Commoner (auth.), Arnold Schecter (eds.)

This publication originated in a chain of cross-disciplinary conversations within the years 1984-1990 among the editor, who's a physician-researcher concerned about scientific and laboratory learn, and a dioxin toxicologist. through the years during which the conversations came about, a unprecedented quantity of latest clinical literature used to be released concerning dioxins, outlined for reasons of this article because the chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, polychlorinated biphe­ nyls (PCB's) and different compounds which are structurally and toxicologically just like 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7 ,8-TCDD), the main largely studied and such a lot poisonous of this team of chemical compounds. Dioxins additionally started to curiosity not just chemists and toxicologists, but in addition experts from different disciplines reminiscent of natural world and environmental technology, immunology, neuroscience,public wellbeing and fitness, epidemiology, med­ icine, govt, legislations, sociology, and journalism. experts from such various disciplines, whereas accustomed to their very own literature, usually didn't have time to stick with the dioxin literature outdoor their uniqueness quarter. furthermore, every one strong point had detailed wisdom, equipment, and views. pass­ disciplinary dialog was once important, yet all too often, experts from some of the disciplines didn't converse an analogous language, leading to misunderstanding.

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The latter version was printed in the Science article covering the Banbury conference. 161 18 Thomas Webster and Barry Commoner Similar results were found for dioxin-induced loss of EGFR from plasma membrane. * These results relied on extrapolation from experimental doses, so it is possible that a deviation from linearity may exist at lower doses. However, increased messenger RNA for cytochrome P450IAI has been detected in rats at doses corresponding to background tissue levels in humans. 200,20 1 Hence, if there is a threshold for this effect, human tissues may already be above it.

247 Others reported the NIOSH results as indicating that TCDD only causes cancer in humans at very high doses. NIOSH found statistically significant increases of cancer in the entire cohort as well as in a "high" exposed subcohort. They had also analyzed a "less" exposed subcohort (less than 1 year of exposure and over 20 years of latency). While cancers of some sites were elevated in this group, none were statistically significant at a 95% level. These results may have been interpreted by some as showing a threshold, in apparent agreement with the alleged consensus of the Banbury Conference held only a few months earlier.

They are apparently protected from attack by the presence of halogen atoms in certain positions of the molecule. Hence, they are excreted very slowly, resulting in a prolonged and amplified response. In effect, the feedback system that governs behavior of other Ah-binding substances (such as the PAHs) is inoperative in the case of TCDD. Thus, the extraordinary biological potency of dioxinlike substances appears to be the consequence of their unique combination of two properties: a high aifmity for the Ah receptor and biological persistence.

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