Decentralisation, Corruption and Social Capital: From India by Sten Widmalm

By Sten Widmalm

Can decentralization decrease a democratic deficit? Can decentralization make public management extra effective and act as a protect opposed to corruption? What do we research from India s event from its huge decentralization reforms up to now? during this e-book, Sten Widmalm adopts comparative and empirical methods to check how decentralization is attached to social capital and corruption. utilizing facts from in-depth box stories in Madhya Pradesh and Kerala, and studying it opposed to historic situations from around the globe, he offers theoretical views and coverage feedback. Widmalm s trip takes him to old Rome, Greece and India, in addition to to the West, China, Latin the United States, and Russia of more moderen instances.

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In the argument I formulate here, I go one step further. Given that we define decentralisation as the transfer of power to the local level, both deconcentration and delegation may be excluded as measures of decentralisation since neither of them necessarily involves the transfer of power. ). 16. See Manor (1999), Smith (1985) and Hadenius (2003), which are similar but slightly different since as well as economic autonomy, these distinguish between the autonomy of making appointments and policy autonomy.

If so, why not today? K. Gandhi (1934) INTRODUCTION C ertainly the famous words of Mahatma Gandhi have lost some of their meaning today. More than ever before, India is shaped by the politics and economic development that emerge from the large cities. Even so, there is nowadays a tendency to exaggerate the role of the cities and the ‘new’ economy. The emphasis on India’s image as a modern and IT-oriented nation marinated in the global economy has led some of us to forget that India still does live very much through the villages.

In its most extreme forms, corruption at state level may provide incentives for political movements which resort to violent means. This was the case in Jammu and Kashmir, where corruption triggered the violence which spread in the 1990s and which has since threatened peace between India and Pakistan on several occasions (Widmalm 2006). Simply prescribing decentralisation may in some contexts only make matters worse. 32 So, the more popular decentralisation became, the more doubts seemed to increase among scholars in this field.

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