Cultures without Culturalism: The Making of Scientific by Karine Chemla, Evelyn Fox Keller

By Karine Chemla, Evelyn Fox Keller

Cultural debts of clinical principles and practices have more and more grow to be welcomed as a corrective to previous—and nonetheless greatly held—theories of medical wisdom and practices as common. The editors warning, even though, opposed to the temptation to overgeneralize the paintings of tradition, and to lapse right into a type of essentialism that flattens the variety and diversity of medical paintings. The publication refers to this tendency as culturalism. The individuals to the amount version a brand new direction the place historicized and cultural debts of clinical perform continue their specificity and complexity with no falling into the traps of culturalism. They study, between different matters, the potential for utilizing notions of tradition to check habit in monetary markets; the ideology, association, and perform of earthquake tracking and prediction in the course of China's Cultural Revolution; the background of quadratic equations in China; and the way learning the "glass ceiling" and employment discrimination grew to become approved within the social sciences. Demonstrating the necessity to comprehend the paintings of tradition as a fluid and dynamic strategy that without delay either shapes and is formed through clinical perform, Cultures with no Culturalism makes a tremendous intervention in technology studies.

members. Bruno Belhoste, Karine Chemla, Caroline Ehrhardt, Fa-ti Fan, Evelyn Fox Keller, Kenji Ito, Guillaume Lachenal, Donald MacKenzie, Mary Morgan, Nancy Nersessian, David Rabouin, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Claude Rosental, Koen Vermeir

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Extra resources for Cultures without Culturalism: The Making of Scientific Knowledge

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Apparently, many quantum physicists in his time had difficulty understanding it. Leon Rosenfeld, a close collaborator of Bohr, writes that he once asked Yukawa whether the Japanese physicists had experienced the same difficulty as their Western colleagues in assimilating the idea of complementarity and in adapting to it. 2 If we can assume that Rosenfeld’s description is reasonably reliable, Yukawa probably meant that complementarity was incompatible with Aristotelian logic, by which Japanese physicists were not affected.

In this half-natural and half-artificial environment, the Nishina family owned a large expansion of land, including rice paddies and salt fields. Nishina’s grandfather Arimoto excelled in civil engineering and played a leading role in water management, land reclamation, and the creation of salt fields. The Nishinas owned a salt-making business, and the family’s salt circulated widely before the Meiji government nationalized this industry. Thus, salt making was responsible for the accumulation of the Nishina family fortune.

Hence, Low’s argument is highly problematic as far as Nishina and some other physicists are concerned. This is not simply a matter of factual errors and empirical problems. Certainly, using a class category to analyze science can be fruitful, as in the case of “gentleman science” in Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer’s Leviathan and the Air-Pump (1989). In addition, as we will see in the next section, analyzing how scientists fashioned themselves is in itself a legitimate approach and can be useful for understanding those scientists.

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