Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East by Adrian J. Boas

By Adrian J. Boas

Crusader Archaeology attracts jointly fresh excavated fabric tradition in Israel, Cyprus, Syria and Jordan to envision what lifestyles was once like for the Crusaders of their territory, and the way they have been prompted through their new-found neighbours. Chapters discuss:
* city and rural settlements
* surveying agriculture
* industry
* the military
* the church
* private and non-private architecture
* arts and crafts
* relaxation pusuits
* demise and burial
* development techniques.
This hugely illustrated quantity creates a superb portrait of the interval, so as to make interesting examining for all these drawn to the center a while, and specifically the Crusaders.

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Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East

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* dying and burial
* development techniques.
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Extra resources for Crusader Archaeology: The Material Culture of the Latin East

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In the south-west corner the Crusaders built a massive bastion, of which Johns found remains under the mosque. There were two posterns and an undercroft which he suggested were used for stabling and storage. 6 The eastern, western and northern curtain walls are of post-Crusader construction but probably follow the twelfth-century line. A large tower, built with marginally drafted ashlars, stood in the southwest corner of the city. It consists of walls about 7 m wide pierced by seven arrow slits and entered via a doorway within the city.

At the centre of the quarter was the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, with the patriarch’s palace to its north. The quarter was administered by the curia patriarchae, a mixed lay and ecclesiastical body which was both a court of law and a record office. The patriarch was responsible for the upkeep of the quarter, its squares and streets, and issued permits for building. Of the buildings in the quarter we have only limited knowledge. The patriarch’s palace has not survived, or at least has not been located, nor is it described in written sources.

Equally valuable are the maps of thirteenth-century Akko; several copies of three maps survive. One of these, dating from around 1250, was drawn up by an Englishman, Matthew Paris, for his chronicle of England and the Crusades, another was drawn up by Pietro Vesconte for a fourteenth-century work Liber Secretorum Fidelium Crucis written by Marino Sanudo, and a third map was prepared just after 1320 for Paolino Veneto and follows very closely the map of Sanudo. 5 Copy of a medieval map of thirteenth-century Akko by Marino Sanudo two maps, of which several versions are extant, date from the fourteenth-century, they present the city as it appeared in the thirteenth century at the height of its importance as the administrative capital of the kingdom.

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