By Brian Edwards, Magda Sibley, Mohammad Hakmi, Peter Land
Courtyard housing is likely one of the oldest sorts of household improvement spanning at the very least 2000 years and happening in designated shape in lots of areas of the realm. usually linked to the center East the place weather and tradition have given form to a specific kind of courtyard housing, different examples exist in Latin the US, China and in Europe, the place the version has been reinterpreted. This publication demonstrates, via discussions on sustainability and neighborhood id, and through a sequence of case experiences, technical making plans and layout ideas, that the courtyard housing shape has a destiny in addition to a earlier.
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Additional info for Courtyard Housing: Past, Present and Future
L’epoque mamelouke, ed. Zakariya, Paris, 1982, pp. 108–9. 41 Both Andre Raymond and Nelly Hanna discuss the important consequences this has for the urban whole. Hanna, ‘La maison Waqf Radwan au Caire’, L’habitat traditionnel 1, 61–77. Behrens-Abouseif, ‘Alternatives to Cadaster maps for the study of Islamic Cities,’ Urban Morphogenesis, a special volume of Environmental Design, ed. Petruccioli, 1993, nos 1– 2:92–5; and idem, ‘Notes sur la function de la cour dans la maison moyenne du Caire ottoman,’ L’habitat traditionnel 2:411–18.
The courtyard: background There is evidence that houses with courtyards existed in Iran around 8000 years ago. These have been excavated in the Ghazvin region (to the north-west of Tehran). Here the rooms were positioned on one side of the courtyard, and included living spaces, stores and barns (Malek-i Shahmirzadi 1986). The courtyard was also an important architectural feature in the later Mesopotamian civilisation. There are a number of surviving buildings with courtyards from both the pre-Islamic and the Islamic period.
The main winter rooms might be on the north-east or north-west sides, and the summer rooms could be on the south-west or the south-east sides. As in many other places in the hot-arid regions, a general shift took place around the end of May from the winter rooms to the summer rooms on the south of the courtyard. In some cases, however, the house was without distinct winter accommodation; in others there were no summer rooms on the south side. In the Qavamal-Molk, a large traditional house with two courtyards, each court was organised on a different axis.