Corpus-based Approaches to Metaphor And Metonymy (Trends in by Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries

By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries

The papers during this quantity take care of the difficulty of the way corpus information relate to the questions that cognitive linguists have usually investigated with admire to conceptual mappings. The authors during this quantity examine quite a lot of matters - the coherence and serve as of specific metaphorical versions, the interplay of shape and which means, the id of resource domain names of metaphorical expressions, the connection among metaphor and discourse, the priming of metaphors, and the ancient improvement of metaphors. The reviews take care of various metaphorical and metonymic resource and goal domain names, together with the resource domain names house, ANIMALS, physique elements, businesses and struggle, and the objective domain names VERBAL job, economic system, feelings and POLITICS. of their experiences, the authors current various corpus-linguistic equipment for the research of conceptual mappings, for instance, corpora annotated for semantic different types, concordances of person source-domain goods and styles, and concordances of target-domain goods. In sum, the papers during this quantity express how quite a lot of corpus-linguistic equipment can be utilized to enquire quite a few concerns in cognitive linguistics; the mix of corpus tools with a cognitive-linguistic view of metaphor and metonymy yields new solutions to previous questions (and to new questions) concerning the courting among language as a conceptual phenomenon and language as a textual phenomenon.

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The speech act sense of ‘blast’ (which is conventional in British English) can be explained in term of a mapping from the domain typically associated with the basic sense of ‘blast’ (war or, more generally, (armed) physical conflict) to the domain of verbal communication. This helps to explains why the use of ‘blast’ in reference to communication suggests a very negative attitude and strong criticism. I will return to this example below. According to my analysis, 214 out of the total 985 instances of NRSAs in my concordance involve metaphorical references to speech acts or speech activity, amounting to approximately 22 per cent of the total.

In the kitchen, with acid. At the island ’s summit is t snow. There was so much snow that cloud broke up only on gaining the fire. Such disasters with heavy lo fire. Everyone has gone. Children dark green glossy foliage. Spikes foliage. She heard her name again, sugar cane in undulating waves ten purple heather up to Golden Height hostile jungle. Kefalov bulged lik the sweetest, stickiest honey. ” Immediately a acher ’s questions are greeted by a the Princess of Wales. There was a al observer team, Ortega parted the nto focus, one is aware of a rising is fine this even creates a waving the crowd and shook hands with the ly along the island ’s roads amid a o hear him; the crowd was a bobbing ts of old clothes.

All metaphorical uses of ‘blast’, ‘slam’, ‘flak’ and ‘rap’ within NRSAs occur in tabloid newspapers, as does the expression ‘firing questions’. In addition, the expressions ‘questions flaring’ and ‘bombard with questions’ were found in popular (auto)biographies. My impression is that in these cases the metaphorical use of these expressions does not necessarily project the notion of extreme and destructive violence onto the target, but rather has the kind of hyperbolic, sensationalist, and in some cases humorous effects that are normally associated with popular reporting.

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