Computers in Swedish Society: Documenting Early Use and by Per Lundin

By Per Lundin

Which will comprehend the position of pcs in society, it is very important think about the advanced dating among the layout and use of desktops from the viewpoint of the user.

Computers in Swedish Society studies this shift within the historiography of computing from inventors and techniques to a user-perspective, and examines how the suitable assets should be created, gathered, preserved, and disseminated. The textual content describes and evaluates a collaborative undertaking in Sweden that documented the tales of round seven hundred humans, and acquired vast donations of archival files and artifacts. The publication additionally presents a serious dialogue at the interpretation of oral facts, proposing 3 case reports on how this facts can tell us in regards to the interplay of computing with large-scale ameliorations in economies, cultures, and societies.

Topics and features:
* Describes a historiography geared toward addressing the query of ways computing formed and reworked Swedish society among 1950 and 1980
* offers a user-centered viewpoint at the heritage of computing, after explaining the advantages of such an approach
* Examines the documentation of clients, describing novel and cutting edge documentation tools reminiscent of witness seminars and Internet-based collections of memories
* Discusses the professionals and cons of collaborative tasks among academia and industry
* presents case experiences at the interpretation of oral proof, facing social networks and flows of information, clients and makes use of of know-how, and the materiality and geography of computing

The equipment and documentation of clients defined during this targeted text/reference won't in basic terms be of serious curiosity to historians of computing, expertise, technological know-how and medication, but additionally to researchers in technological know-how and know-how experiences, in library and data reviews, and in ethnography, ethnology and folkloristic stories.

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Extra info for Computers in Swedish Society: Documenting Early Use and Trends (History of Computing)

Sample text

The raison d’être for such a project was formulated in a straightforward manner: people were passing away. The senior practitioners in the focus groups made the first documentation efforts. They conducted a number of interviews, mainly with each other, but without following the established practice in oral history to, firstly, record them with sound (or, secondly, to make careful notes). Inspired by the curators at Nordiska museet, the members in one focus group also decided to write their own autobiographies, but it resulted in no more than half-a-dozen autobiographies.

69 Seldon and Pappworth, By Word of Mouth, 6. , Elite and Specialized Interviewing (Evanston, 1970); Eva McMahan, Elite Oral History Discourse: A Study of Cooperation and Coherence (Tuscaloosa, 1989). 64 22 1 Background and Theoretical Assumptions the existing sources often remain silent about several important aspects of elites. The written sources rarely record lobbying. Compared to oral history as practiced in the “history from below” movement, elite oral history has to cope with different methodological challenges.

90 The last two examples show that there is no patented best practice for how to proceed when creating and collecting oral sources on the history of computing. While CBI, the IEEE History Center, and others have established and used a successful, but time-consuming model for conducting oral history interviews that includes extensive research and preparations by scholars, alternative models cannot be dismissed a priori. It is worth noting, however, that all of the above-mentioned institutions and projects consider it necessary to transcribe and edit the conducted oral history interviews.

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