By Professor Graham R. V. Hughes MD FRCP, Dr Shirish Sangle MD (auth.), Professor Graham R. V. Hughes MD FRCP, Dr Shirish Sangle MD (eds.)
Clinician’s handbook on Lupus is a professional assessment of Lupus and comparable stipulations that serves as an instructional source for clinical scholars, physicians and different doctors with an curiosity in rheumatology. The booklet is an updated advent to the affliction and contains prime quality color photos and evidence-based instructions for diagnosing, treating and handling Lupus in basic care.
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Additional info for Clinician’s Manual on Lupus
1A–F Renal pathology of lupus nephritis (Class I-VI). A, Class I: Minimal mesangial lupus nephritis (no treatment necessary); B, Class II: Mesangial proliferative lupus nephritis; C, Class III: Focal segmental glomerulonephritis (<50% glomeruli are affected); D, Class IV: Diffuse lupus nephritis (>50% of glomeruli are affected); E, Class V: Membranous lupus nephritis; F, Class VI: Advanced sclerosing lupus nephritis (beyond treatment with immunosuppressive therapy). Because the histological picture is critical to the choice of treatment (for example, there is little point in prescribing strong immunosuppressives for a kidney with essentially ‘dead’ glomeruli), renal biopsy is widely considered vital in the early clinical assessment of a patient with lupus in whom proteinuria or other renal sequelae are present.
Drug side-effects (eg, azathiaprine) 3. A secondary diagnosis (eg, infection) Gastrointestinal tract Involvement of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in lupus seems to vary in frequency from continent to continent. For example, this complication is common in South East Asia, but unusual in Western Europe. The three main pathological processes leading to GI involvement are: inflammation (eg, peritonitis), thrombosis (eg, bowel infarction, celiac artery stenosis), or iatrogenic in nature (eg, high-dose steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).
PCTFSWFECZ physician 5. Nonerosive arthritis Involving 2 or more peripheral joints, characterized by tenderness, swelling, or effusion 6. Pleuritis or Pericarditis a. Pleuritis: convincing history of pleuritic pain or rubbing heard by a physician or evidence of pleural effusion OR b. Pericarditis: documented by electrocardigram or rub or evidence of pericardial effusion 7. Renal disorder a. 5 grams per day or > than 3+ if quantitation not performed OR b.