Biblical Hebrew: Studies in Chronology and Typology (JSOT by Ian Young

By Ian Young

During this quantity, major Hebrew language students define quite a few perspectives at the phenomenon of edition in biblical Hebrew and its value for religious study. a huge query that's addressed is whether or not "late biblical Hebrew" is a different chronological part in the heritage of biblical Hebrew. Articles discover either chronological and non-chronological interpretations of the variations among "early biblical Hebrew" and "late biblical Hebrew". those discussions have an immense contribution to make to the broader box of religious study, not just to the background of the Hebrew language. present scholarly debates at the date and beginning of the Hebrew bible usually emphasize the centrality of the proof of linguistic stratification within the Hebrew bible.

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See Kaufman 1974:48 (cf. also Kutscher 1970: 386; and also the detailed bibliography in Wagner 1966: 19). Nevertheless, m3K certainly entered BH through Aramaic, and from this perspective we are entitled to call it an 'Aramaism' (on this matter see Kutscher 1954: 246-47). 36 Biblical Hebrew years these two books were considered to be indisputable examples of late works composed during the days of the Second Temple. Recently, however, several scholars have suggested moving back their date; and, necessarily, re-evaluating the precise nature of the 'Aramaisms' which appear in them.

Unfortunately, however, by and large their comments were like a voice crying in the wilderness. The impact of their criticisms on the overall direction of BH research was hardly noticeable. 7 This development is mainly a by-product of the progress made recently in research on Northwest Semitic in general; progress which makes it possible to examine the whole issue here under consideration from a vantage point that was inaccessible to earlier scholars. 3. 'Aramaisms' in Recent Research a. 'Aramaisms' Devoid of Chronological Implications The study of Aramaic has achieved impressive results in the last few decades.

34 Biblical Hebrew Israel, which separated the exiles from the natural habitat of their language, resulted in a severe break in the linguistic history of Hebrew; while the return from Babylon brought back a Jewish population which for 70 or so years had been exposed to the eroding influence of Aramaic, both in speaking and in writing. Moreover, the close contact between Hebrew and Aramaic, which became so strong during the Babylonian exile, did not cease with the repatriation of the exiles. In the Restoration period Aramaic was at the peak of its expansion and its dominance encompassed the land of Israel as well.

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