Beyond the Medieval Village: The Diversification of by Stephen Rippon

By Stephen Rippon

The numerous personality of Britain's nation-state and cities offers groups with a powerful experience of neighborhood id. essentially the most major positive aspects of the southern British panorama is the best way that its personality differs from zone to area, with compact villages within the Midlands contrasting with the sprawling hamlets of East Anglia and remoted farmsteads of Devon. much more striking is the very "English" think of the panorama in southern Pembrokeshire, within the a ways south west of Wales.

Hoskins defined the English panorama as "the richest old list we possess," and during this e-book Stephen Rippon explores the origins of nearby adaptations in panorama personality, arguing that whereas a few landscapes date again to the centuries each side of the Norman Conquest, different components throughout southern Britain underwent a profound switch round the eighth century advert.

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It is therefore clear that there was a crucial difference in scale between the early forms of communally managed landed resources found in Wales, and the ‘Midland system’ as it eventually emerged in the central zone of England. Subdivided fields, and cooperative practices such as communal ploughing and crop rotation, can occur at any scale, including the land held by small kin groups or that of a single community living in a hamlet with just a handful of tenements, which was one of many scattered across a parish or township.

This explicitly comparative approach will hopefully combine the benefits brought about by the detailed understanding of a particular region, so avoiding the sweeping generalizations that have afflicted some previous work, but also refrains from the parochialism that all too easily characterizes landscape research. g. Dark 2000; Baker 2006b). Sites are of course discussed, but attention 1 In 1974 the northern part of Somerset was removed and added to the newly created county of Avon, which in turn has been split into a series of unitary authorities including North Somerset, and Bath and North-East Somerset: both of these are included in this study as they formed part of the historic county of Somerset.

By mapping a series of different data sets, such as place names and Domesday woodland, and comparing them with the boundaries of their ‘central province’, they have observed a sometimes striking correlation between nucleated settlement in the nineteenth century and areas that were the most extensively cleared of woodland by the eleventh century, and they argue that major wetland area primary area of village formation initial spread of ‘townfield’ system edge of central province pre-Conquest place-names indicative of woodland: -leah (-ley/leigh), -feld (-field), -hyrst (-hurst), -thveit (-thwaite) later spread of ‘townfield’ system to peripheral areas of the central province adoption of ‘townfield’ system in planned and reorganised villages 0 100 km Fig.

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