Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies: Ibadism, Rebellion, by A. Souaiaia

By A. Souaiaia

Anatomy of Dissent in Islam is an interdisciplinary examine of political and felony dissent in Islamic civilization from the 7th century on. (7th century). utilizing Ibadism as a case examine, this paintings explores the occasions and teachings that formed legitimacy and uprising, orthodoxy and sectarianism, and legislations and tradition in Islamic societies.

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Further evidence supporting this claim can be found in the very terminology used to designate the institution and the persons in charge of these institutions. Revealingly, only the terms caliph, caliphate, guardianship, and guardian (waliyy al-amr) were commonly used then. The term nearest to the “state,” which is dawlah, did not apply during the classical period and in most schools of thought. One term that has persisted throughout the history of Islamic civilization is the one referring to the political rulers—waliyy al-amr (better translated as “The Man in Charge”).

Governance in Arab and Islamic Societies 27 27. The Jews of Banī ‘Awf are one community with the believers; the Jews are bound by their own religion and Muslims are bound by theirs— applying to their freedmen and those under their protection except those who behave unjustly and sinfully, for they hurt but themselves and their families. 28. The Jews of the Banī al-Najjār shall enjoy the same rights and obligations as the Jews of Banī ‘Awf. 29. The Jews of Banī al-Harith shall enjoy the same rights and obligations as the Jews of Banī ‘Awf.

He also appointed his son, Abdullāh, as an observer without voting privileges. This council included figures with whom the Prophet was pleased at the time of his death, according to ‘Umar. They were ‘Uthmān, Ali, Talḥah, al-Zubayr, ‘Abd al-Raḥmān Ibn ‘Awf, and Sa’d Ibn Abī Waqqās. He gave them three days to reach a decision. After a long and excruciating debate behind closed doors, the council selected ‘Uthmān Ibn ‘Affān – another wealthy Companion from Quraysh. Unlike ‘Umar, who was known for his decisiveness and strong personality, Governance in Arab and Islamic Societies 35 ‘Uthmān was a timid man inclined to compromise and to rule through a network of relatives and trusted loyalists.

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