Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance by Robert N. Proctor

By Robert N. Proctor

What do not we all know, and why do not we all know it? What retains lack of know-how alive, or permits it for use as a political device? Agnotology—the examine of ignorance—provides a brand new theoretical viewpoint to develop conventional questions about ''how we know'' to invite: Why do not we all know what we do not be aware of? The essays assembled in Agnotology convey that lack of understanding is frequently greater than simply a scarcity of data; it may well even be the end result of cultural and political struggles. lack of information has a background and a political geography, yet there also are issues humans don't desire you to understand (''Doubt is our product'' is the tobacco slogan). person chapters deal with examples from the geographical regions of world weather switch, army secrecy, woman orgasm, environmental denialism, local American paleontology, theoretical archaeology, racial lack of awareness, and extra. The aim of this quantity is to raised know the way and why quite a few sorts of realizing don't end up, or have disappeared, or became invisible.

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4 2 . Jones, Day, Reavis, and Pogue, " C o r p o r a t e Activity Project," 7 1 . 43. Fred Panzer t o H o r a c e R . K o r n e g a y , M a y 1 , 44. , Cigarette Papers, 1 7 1 . 1 9 7 2 , Bates 8 7 6 5 7 7 0 3 - 7 7 0 6 . 45. Daniel J. Edelman, " I N F O T A B ETS-Project: T h e Overall Plan," M a r c h 12, 1987, Bates 2 0 2 2 9 3 4 0 1 1 - 4 0 2 4 , p. 8. 46. C r a i g L . Fuller, S e n i o r V i c e P r e s i d e n t , C o r p o r a t e A f f a i r s , a n d K a t h l e e n L i n e h a n , V i c e President, G o v e r n m e n t Affairs, " P r e s e n t a t i o n for the B o a r d o f D i r e c t o r s — J u n e 2 4 , 1 9 9 2 , " June 24, 1 9 9 2 , Bates 2 0 4 7 9 1 6 0 1 0 .

See m y Cancer Wars: H o w Politics Shapes What We Know and Don't K n o w a b o u t C a n c e r ( N e w Y o r k : Basic B o o k s , 1 9 9 5 ) , esp. p . " 25. T h e PR firm of Hill a n d K n o w l t o n is often b l a m e d , b u t Paul H a h n , president of t h e A m e r i c a n T o b a c c o C o . , w a s surely i n v o l v e d ; see m y f o r t h c o m i n g G o l d e n H o l o c a u s t . C o m p a r e also m y C a n c e r Wars, C h a p t e r 5 ; Gerald M a r k o w i t z and D a v i d Rosner, " E x p e r t Panels and Medical Uncertainty," American Journal of Industrial Medicine 19 (1991): 1 3 1 - 1 3 4 ; and Allan M .

A l l science is said to be selective, so it b e c o m e s o n l y trivially true to say t h a t a n y particular pattern of inquiry is selective, since it c a n n o t h a v e been o t h e r w i s e . T h e so-called S t r o n g P r o g r a m m e in t h e s o c i o l o g y o f k n o w l e d g e a l s o t e n d e d t o r e g a r d t h e s o c i a l c o n s t r u c t i o n o f i g n o r a n c e (or error) a s " e a s y " o r " t r i v i a l " b y c o m p a r i s o n w i t h the social c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t r u t h .

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