A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval by Anthony Kenny

By Anthony Kenny

Sir Anthony Kenny right here maintains his attention-grabbing account of the heritage of philosophy, concentrating on the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this can be the second one quantity of a four-book set within which Kenny will spread a magisterial new historical past of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author historical past of philosophy to seem in decades.

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E. Gohlman (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1974). 17 The philosophy of mind of al-Farabi and of Avicenna is discussed in detail in Ch. 7 below. 18 In all creatures essence and existence are distinct: not even the fullest investigation into what kind of thing a particular species is will show that any individuals of that species exist. But God is quite diVerent: in his case, and only in his case, essence entails existence. God is the only necessary being, and all others are contingent.

Later he occupied a similar position in the court of Isfahan. He left behind about 200 works, of which more than 100 have survived. His Canon of Medicine summarizes much classical clinical material and adds observations of his own; it was used by practitioners in Europe until the seventeenth century. Avicenna’s main philosophical encyclopedia was called in Arabic Kitab-al-Shifa, or ‘Book of Healing’. It is divided into four parts, of which the Wrst three treat of logic, physics, and mathematics respectively.

His reply is subtle. In that blessed state God will indeed be visible, to the eyes of the body and not just to the eyes of the mind; but he will not be an extra object of vision. Rather we will see God by observing his governance of the bodies that make up the material scheme of things around us, just as we see the life of our fellow men by observing their behaviour. Life is not an extra body that we see, and yet when we see the motions of living beings we do not just believe they are alive, we see they are alive.

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